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See also:
U+679D, 枝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-679D

[U+679C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+679E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木十水 (DJE), four-corner 44947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 516, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1165, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+679D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
枝-seal.svg 枝-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kje): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *kje).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ki - vernacular;
  • chi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsye ›
Old
Chinese
/*ke/
English branch (of tree)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kje/

Definitions[edit]

  1. branch; twig
    Synonyms: 丫枝 (yāzhī), 樹椏树桠
    低垂水面 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Liǔ zhī dīchuí zài shuǐmiàn shang. [Pinyin]
    The branches of the willows drooped over the water.
    結果修剪 [MSC, trad.]
    结果修剪 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā bǎ bù jiēguǒ de zhī dōu xiūjiǎn diào. [Pinyin]
    He pruned every branch that did not bear fruit.
  2. Classifier for long cylindrical objects (stick, pen, rod, flower with stem, etc).
    鉛筆 / 铅笔  ―  zhī qiānbǐ  ―  a pencil
    /   ―  zhī qiāng  ―  a gun
  3. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (branch):
edit

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “extra toe”).
  2. Alternative form of (, “divergent”).

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. branch, limbs

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from earlier yeda, from Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *yonta. Cognate with Kunigami (ゆだー, yudā), Miyako (ゆだ, yuda), Okinawan (いぃだ, yida), (ゆだ, yuda), Yaeyama (ゆだ, yuda), Yonaguni (どぅだ, duda). The vowel change is irregular.

Noun[edit]

(えだ) (eda

  1. branch, limbs
  2. (graph theory) edge

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Ryukyuan *yoda, from Proto-Japonic *yonta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆだー, romaji yudā)

  1. branch (of a tree or plant); bough

References[edit]

  • ゆだー【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ユダー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Nakijin Dialect Dictionary.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Ryukyuan *yoda, from Proto-Japonic *yonta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆだ, romaji yuda)

  1. branch (of a tree or plant); bough

References[edit]

  • ゆだ【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ユダ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Miyako Dialect Dictionary.
  • ゆだ” in Celik Kenan Thibault, Online Miyako Dictionary, 2016.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Ryukyuan *yoda, from Proto-Japonic *yonta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いぃだ, rōmaji yida, alternative reading ゆだ, rōmaji yuda)

  1. branch (of a tree or plant); bough

References[edit]

  • いだ・いぃだ・ゐだ・ゆぃだ【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ゆだ【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ヰダ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
  • ユダ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chi, che)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yaeyama[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Ryukyuan *yoda, from Proto-Japonic *yonta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆだ, rōmaji yuda)

  1. branch (of a tree or plant); bough

References[edit]

  • ゆだ【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Ryukyuan *yoda, from Proto-Japonic *yonta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana どぅだ, rōmaji duda)

  1. branch (of a tree or plant); bough

References[edit]

  • どぅだ【枝】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.