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U+5993, 妓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5993

[U+5992]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5994]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女十水 (VJE), four-corner 44447, composition)

  1. prostitute
  2. woman who entertains

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 256, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 520, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5993

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
妓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kje
*kje
*kje
*kje, *ɡe, *ɡres
*kje
*kje, *qʰjes, *kes, *ɡe
*kje
*kjes
*kjes, *ɡe, *ɡreʔ
*ɡjes
*qʰjes
*qʰjes, *ɡe
*kre, *ɡreʔ
*kreʔ, *kʷreʔ
*kʰeʔ, *kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡre, *ɡres
*ɡreʔ
*ɡres
*kʷreʔ, *kʷres
*kʷreʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*ɡreɡ

 + . Literally a woman who entertains with an ability.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Err, why not phono-semantic??”

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ki²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/ki⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (30)
Final () (13) (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇ/ /ɡˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛ/ /ɡᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɛ/ /ɡiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiə̆/ /gjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/kje/ /ɡjeX/
Wang
Li
/kǐe/ /ɡǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kie̯/ /gie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17213 17230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kre/ /*ɡreʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (female entertainer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. female entertainer

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, đĩ, kỹ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.