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U+5993, 妓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5993

[U+5992]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5994]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女十水 (VJE), four-corner 44447, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 256, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 520, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5993

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
妓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kje
*kje
*kje
*kje, *ɡe, *ɡres
*kje
*kje, *qʰjes, *kes, *ɡe
*kje
*kjes
*kjes, *ɡe, *ɡreʔ
*ɡjes
*qʰjes
*qʰjes, *ɡe
*kre, *ɡreʔ
*kreʔ, *kʷreʔ
*kʰeʔ, *kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡre, *ɡres
*ɡreʔ
*ɡres
*kʷreʔ, *kʷres
*kʷreʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*ɡreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kre, *ɡreʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kje).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kī - literary;
  • ki - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ki²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/ki⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɡjeX/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Classical Chinese) female entertainer
  2. prostitute

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/kje/
Wang
Li
/kǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17213
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kre/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in 妓姕.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (female entertainer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji gi)

  1. female entertainer

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, đĩ, kỹ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.