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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + . Literally a woman who entertains with an ability.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “Err, why not phono-semantic??”

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女十水 (VJE), four-corner 44447, composition)

  1. prostitute
  2. woman who entertains

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 256, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 520, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5993

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
妓-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ki²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/ki⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (30)
Final () (13) (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇ/ /ɡˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛ/ /ɡᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɛ/ /ɡiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiə̆/ /gjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/kje/ /ɡjeX/
Wang
Li
/kǐe/ /ɡǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kie̯/ /gie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17213 17230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kre/ /*ɡreʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(female entertainer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. female entertainer

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, đĩ, kỹ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.