cái

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Romanization[edit]

cái (Zhuyin ㄘㄞˊ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of ,
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of
  5. Pinyin transcription of ,
  6. Pinyin transcription of
  7. Pinyin transcription of

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“one thing; classifier”; SV: ).

Classifier[edit]

cái

  1. Indicates an inanimate noun.
    Cái răng cái tóc là vóc con người.
    Essentially, teeth and hair tell how good one looks.
  2. Precedes another classifier (any one but “cái” itself), effectively acting as a focus marker, sometimes conveying a connotation of deprecation, especially if persons are referred to.
    Cái con chó này!(please add an English translation of this usage example)
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

cái

  1. the solid bits of a broth
    Canh này thì chỉ có nước là ngon, còn cái thì dở ẹc.
    Only the liquid part of this broth tastes good, the solid bits suck.
    (literally, “As for this broth, only the liquid part is good, as for its solid bits, they suck.”)
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-keːʔ (woman; female); compare gái.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cái

  1. (archaic) mother

Adjective[edit]

cái ()

  1. (of a non-human and non-avian species of animal or plant or their reproductive organs) female
  2. (now chiefly in compounds) big, large, main
    sông cái
    the big river
    ngón chân cái
    the big toe
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Prefix[edit]

cái

  1. (Northern Vietnam) Title affixed to young girls' names.
    Cái Bống là cái bống bang
    Khéo sảy khéo sàng cho mẹ nấu cơm
    Mẹ Bống đi chợ đường trơn
    Bống ra gánh đỡ chạy cơn mưa ròng.
    Oh, Little, Little Goby
    Be careful filterin' the rice, so that Mommy can cook it.
    Goby's Mommy has returned from the market on a slippy road
    Goby goes help her carry the pole, to [quickly] get away from the heavy rain.
Synonyms[edit]