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U+624D, 才
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624D

[U+624C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624E]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
才-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木竹 (DH), four-corner 40200)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 416, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11769
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+624D

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
才-oracle.svg 才-bronze.svg 才-bigseal.svg 才-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Pictogram (象形) – sprouting of seeds.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Derivatives: (OC *zlɯː, “material; timber”), (OC *zlɯː, “riches; property; money”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cài - vernacular; chài - literary (奴才);
  • còi - vernacular (秀才).
Note:
  • châi - vernacular;
  • chhâi - literary (classifier).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (15)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəj/
Li
Rong
/d͡zᴀi/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cái
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cái
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤə/
English talent, ability

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ability; gift; talent; capability
  2. talented person; talent
  3. one with a certain status or background
  4. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“classifier for volume (of wood) and area (of paper, glass, stone, curtain, etc.)”).
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chăi - vernacular;
  • chài - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (41) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zʌi/ /d͡zʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəi/ /d͡zəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəj/ /d͡zəjH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zᴀi/ /d͡zᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑ̆i/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cái zài
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1061 1220
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlɯː/ /*zlɯːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. only; just; merely
    1. Used in the 才……就…… structure; only; just
  2. only a short while ago; just
  3. only after; only then; not ... until
  4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Min Dong

Possibly from (“just”) (Taiwan MoE).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min)

  1. only; merely
  2. just; just now
  3. only then; only after
  4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji sai)

  1. ability, talent, aptitude
  2. simplified form of
  3. alternative form of the volumetric unit  (しょう)(shō)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jae, McCune-Reischauer: chae, Yale: cay)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tài)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.