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U+624D, 才
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624D

[U+624C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
才-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木竹 (DH), four-corner 40200, composition𬺰丿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 416, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11769
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+624D

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
才-oracle.svg 才-bronze.svg 才-seal.svg 才-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Pictogram (象形) – sprouting of seeds.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Derivatives: (OC *zlɯː, “material; timber”), (OC *zlɯː, “riches; property; money”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cài - vernacular;
  • chài - literary (奴才);
  • còi - vernacular (秀才).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • châi - vernacular;
    • chhâi - literary (classifier).
    Note: zai5 - used in 秀才.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cái
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cái
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˤə/
    English talent, ability

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1061
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlɯː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. ability; gift; talent; capability
    2. talented person; talent
    3. one with a certain status or background
    4. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“classifier for volume (of wood) and area (of paper, glass, stone, curtain, etc.)”).
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad. /*
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • chăi - vernacular;
    • chài - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (15) (15)
    Final () (41) (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zʌi/ /d͡zʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zəi/ /d͡zəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zəj/ /d͡zəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zᴀi/ /d͡zᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑ̆i/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cái zài
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1061 1220
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlɯː/ /*zlɯːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. only; just; merely
      1. Used in the 才……就…… structure; only; just
    2. only a short while ago; just
    3. only after; only then; not ... until
    4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms Min Dong

    Possibly from (“just”) (Taiwan MoE).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min)

    1. only; merely
    2. just; just now
    3. only then; only after
    4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana さい, rōmaji sai)

    1. ability, talent, aptitude
    2. simplified form of
    3. alternative form of the volumetric unit  (しょう) (shō)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jae)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jae, McCune–Reischauer: chae, Yale: cay)
      • Name (hangeul): 재주
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tài)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.