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U+6027, 性
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6027

[U+6026]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6028]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹手一 (PHQM), four-corner 95010, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10478
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2286, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6027

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleŋs): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs) – nature, personal quality, hence of the heart.

Etymology[edit]

Derived from (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs, “to live; to be born; innate”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sáng - colloquial;
  • séng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sèng - literary;
    • sìⁿ/sèⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 性命).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /siajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*seŋ-s/
    English nature

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11358
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sleŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. nature; character; personality
    2. sex; gender
    3. (linguistics) gender
    4. sexual intercourse
    5. Suffix forming nouns and adjectives, denoting qualities.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. one's nature
    2. characteristic
    3. sex, gender
    4. content

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (sjengH, nature of something, inherent quality).

    The goon, so the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しょう, rōmaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

    1. the nature of something

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (sjengH, nature of something, inherent quality).

    The kan'on, so a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

    1. sex, gender
    2. (grammar) gender
    Synonyms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji -sei)

    1. -ity, -ness, the nature of quality or something

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さが
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Probably from Old Japanese, although the ultimate derivation is unknown. Appears in The Tale of Genji and The Tales of Ise of the Heian period.[3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana さが, rōmaji saga)

    1. one's nature
    2. characteristic
    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune–Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tính, dính, tánh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.