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U+7B19, 笙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B19

[U+7B18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B1A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹手一 (HHQM), four-corner 88104, composition)

  1. a sheng; a hand-held free-reed mouth organ made from a dried gourd and 13 or more bamboo pipes

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2955, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7B19



Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11314
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Chinese shēng (L) & Japanese shō (R)

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/*shræng/). Goon, so likely the original reading as first borrowed from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin (shēng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しゃう)

  1. (music) the sho
    A free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe. Developed from the Chinese shēng that was introduced to Japan during the Nara Period. Traditionally used to provide accompaniment in gagaku (traditional Japanese court music), and now also used in some contemporary music.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely an historically later reading. Compare modern Cantonese (saang¹, sang¹). Seen in The Tale of Genji.

This reading is obsolete in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そう, romaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. (obsolete) the sho

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(saeng) (hangeul , revised saeng, McCune-Reischauer saeng, Yale sayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.