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U+7B19, 笙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B19

[U+7B18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B1A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹手一 (HHQM), four-corner 88104, composition)

  1. a sheng; a hand-held free-reed mouth organ made from a dried gourd and 13 or more bamboo pipes

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2955, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7B19

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11314
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A Chinese mouth-blown free reed instrument consisting of vertical pipes.

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Chinese shēng (left) & Japanese shō (right)
Kanji in this term
しょう
Jinmeiyō
goon

/ɕau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠæŋ). The goon reading, so likely the original reading as first borrowed from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin (shēng).

The shō was developed from the Chinese shēng that was introduced to Japan during the Nara period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しょう) (shō (historical kana しやう)

  1. a free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe
    Synonym: 鳳管 (hōkan‎)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: sho

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/sau//sɔː//soː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠæŋ). The kan'on, so likely a historically later reading.

Compare modern Cantonese (saang¹, sang¹).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(そう) ( (historical kana さう)

  1. (obsolete) a free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(saeng) (hangeul , revised saeng, McCune–Reischauer saeng, Yale sayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.