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U+9B8F, 鮏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B8F

[U+9B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B90]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +5, 16 strokes, cangjie input 弓火竹手一 (NFHQM), composition)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1468, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46071
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2001, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4681, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9B8F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sleːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
さけ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Originally a borrowing from Ainu サㇰイベ(sak ibe, salmon, literally “summer + eat”, in reference to how the fish would be caught and eaten in the summer), or possible alternative unattested compound サㇰエㇷ゚(sak ep, literally summer + food).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (most common)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さけ, romaji sake)

  1. Alternative spelling of : salmon

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃけ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Originally a borrowing from Ainu シャケンベ(shakembe)[3], apparently as a dialectal variation or corruption of Ainu サㇰイベ(sak ibe, salmon, literally summer + eat), or of possible alternative unattested compound サㇰエㇷ゚(sak ep, literally summer + food).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (most common)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゃけ, romaji shake)

  1. Alternative spelling of : salmon

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
なまぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Root stem of adjective 生臭い, 腥い(namagusai, smelling of fish, meat, or blood; stinky, bad-smelling),[3][1] itself a compound of (nama, raw, uncooked) +‎ 臭い(kusa, stink, bad smell, root stem of 臭い kusai, “stinky, bad-smelling”). The kusa changes to gusa as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なまぐさ, romaji namagusa)

  1. a smell of fish, meat, or blood
  2. a stink, a bad smell

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan