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U+9192, 醒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9192

[U+9191]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9193]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一田日竹一 (MWAHM), four-corner 16614, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1285, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39936
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1785, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3590, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9192

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs): semantic  (alcohol) + phonetic  (OC *sleːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *sʰleŋ, “clear”) (Schuessler, 2007). See there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • seng2 - vernacular (“to awaken”);
  • sing2 - literary (including “clever”);
  • sing1 - literary, used only in poetry.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhíⁿ/chhéⁿ - vernacular;
    • séng - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (16) (16) (16)
    Final () (125) (125) (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () IV IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɛŋ/ /sɛŋX/ /sɛŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɛjŋ/ /sɛjŋX/ /sɛjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /seŋ/ /seŋX/ /seŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sieŋ/ /sieŋX/ /sieŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xīng xǐng xìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tsʰˁeŋʔ/
    English wake up

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 11377 11380 11382
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*seːŋ/ /*seːŋʔ/ /*seːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sober up
    2. to awaken; to wake up
    3. to be awake
    4. to decant (wine, etc.)
    5. (Cantonese) clever; intelligent; sharp

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Vietnamese: tỉnh ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to wake up
    2. to become sober, to be disillusioned

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tỉnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.