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U+5DE7, 巧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE7

[U+5DE6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一一女尸 (MMVS), four-corner 11127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 628, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DE7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːs
*kʰruːʔ, *kʰruːs
*qʰluʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • haau2 - literary;
  • kiu2 - vernacular variant (“skillful; opportune”, also written as ).
Note:
  • khá - vernacular (“rare but exquisite; fake; cunning”);
  • khiáu - vernacular (“ingenious; cunning; skillful; pretty”);
  • kháu - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠauX/ /kʰˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚauX/ /kʰᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨwX/ /kʰaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
Wang
Li
/kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiǎo qiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ khæwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤruʔ/
English artful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7410 7411
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰruːʔ/ /*kʰruːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skill; technique
  2. ingenious; skillful
  3. hypocritical; fake; cunning
  4. exquisite; elaborate
  5. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou Min Nan) pretty; beautiful
  6. opportune; coincidental
  7. fortunately; by chance
  8. (Hefei Mandarin) cheap
  9. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
Mandarin Beijing 便宜
Taiwan 便宜
Jinan 便宜
Xi'an 便宜
Wuhan 便宜相因
Chengdu 相因便宜
Yangzhou 便宜划廉
Hefei 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang 平宜
Gan Nanchang 便宜
Hakka Meixian 便宜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Jin Taiyuan 便宜
Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Matsu 便宜
Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
Quanzhou 便宜
Zhangzhou 便宜
Taipei 便宜
Kaohsiung 便宜
Penang 便宜
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou 便
Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
Suzhou 便宜𠼢
Wenzhou 便宜
Xiang Changsha 便宜
Shuangfeng 便宜
Dialectal synonyms of 聰明 (“clever; intelligent; smart; bright”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 聰明伶俐聰敏聰穎
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 聰明機靈伶俐聰敏聰穎聰慧
Mandarin Beijing 聰明
Taiwan 聰明
Jinan 聰明
Xi'an 靈醒
Wuhan 聰明
Chengdu 精靈聰明
Yangzhou 聰明
Hefei 聰明
Cantonese Guangzhou 聰明醒目
Hong Kong 聰明醒目
Yangjiang 伶俐
Gan Nanchang 精靈聰明
Hakka Meixian 聰明機靈
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 聰明
Liudui (S. Sixian) 聰明
Hsinchu (Hailu) 聰明
Dongshi (Dabu) 聰明
Zhuolan (Raoping) 聰明
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 聰明
Jin Taiyuan 機靈聰明
Min Bei Jian'ou 聰明
Min Dong Fuzhou 聰明
Min Nan Xiamen 聰明
Quanzhou 聰明
Zhangzhou 聰明
Taipei 聰明明白
Chaozhou 聰明
Wu Suzhou 聰明
Wenzhou 聰明
Xiang Changsha 靈泛聰明
Shuangfeng 聰明

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. clever, skillful

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たくみ, rōmaji Takumi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana かう)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo)

  1. skillful, ingenious, clever

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xảo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.