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U+5DE7, 巧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE7

[U+5DE6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 48, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一一女尸 (MMVS), four-corner 11127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 628, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DE7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːs
*kʰruːʔ, *kʰruːs
*qʰluʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • haau2 - literary;
  • kiu2 - vernacular variant (“skillful; opportune”, also written as ).
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khá - vernacular (“rare but exquisite; fake; cunning”);
    • khiáu - vernacular (“ingenious; cunning; skillful; pretty”);
    • kháu - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (90) (90)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠauX/ /kʰˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰᵚauX/ /kʰᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰaɨwX/ /kʰaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiǎo qiào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khæwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˤruʔ/
    English artful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 7410 7411
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰruːʔ/ /*kʰruːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. skill; technique
    2. ingenious; skillful
    3. hypocritical; fake; cunning
    4. exquisite; elaborate
    5. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou Min Nan) pretty; beautiful
    6. opportune; coincidental
      真是  ―  Zhēnshì tài qiǎo le!  ―  What a coincidence!
    7. fortunately; by chance
    8. (Hefei Mandarin) cheap
    9. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
    Mandarin Beijing 便宜
    Taiwan 便宜
    Jinan 便宜
    Xi'an 便宜
    Wuhan 便宜相因
    Chengdu 相因便宜
    Yangzhou 便宜划廉
    Hefei 便宜
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 平宜
    Gan Nanchang 便宜
    Hakka Meixian 便宜
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
    Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
    Jin Taiyuan 便宜
    Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
    Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
    Matsu 便宜
    Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
    Quanzhou 便宜
    Zhangzhou 便宜
    Taipei 便宜
    Kaohsiung 便宜
    Penang 便宜
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou 便
    Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
    Suzhou 便宜𠼢
    Wenzhou 便宜
    Xiang Changsha 便宜
    Shuangfeng 便宜
    Dialectal synonyms of 聰明 (“clever; intelligent; smart; bright”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 聰明伶俐聰敏聰穎
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 聰明機靈伶俐聰敏聰穎聰慧
    Mandarin Beijing 聰明
    Taiwan 聰明
    Jinan 聰明
    Xi'an 靈醒
    Wuhan 聰明
    Chengdu 精靈聰明
    Yangzhou 聰明
    Hefei 聰明
    Cantonese Guangzhou 聰明醒目
    Hong Kong 聰明醒目
    Yangjiang 伶俐
    Gan Nanchang 精靈聰明
    Hakka Meixian 聰明機靈
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 聰明
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 聰明
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 聰明
    Dongshi (Dabu) 聰明
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 聰明
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 聰明
    Jin Taiyuan 機靈聰明
    Min Bei Jian'ou 聰明
    Min Dong Fuzhou 聰明
    Min Nan Xiamen 聰明
    Quanzhou 聰明
    Zhangzhou 聰明
    Taipei 聰明明白
    Chaozhou 聰明
    Wu Suzhou 聰明
    Wenzhou 聰明
    Xiang Changsha 靈泛聰明
    Shuangfeng 聰明

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. clever, skillful

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana たくみ, rōmaji Takumi)

    1. A male given name

    (hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana かう)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo)

    1. skillful, ingenious, clever

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xảo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.