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U+4E02, 丂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E02

[U+4E01]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E03]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一女尸 (MVS), four-corner 10207, composition)

  1. obstruction of breath (qi) as it seeks release
  2. variant of other characters

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
丂-oracle.svg 丂-bronze.svg 丂-bigseal.svg 丂-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːs
*kʰruːʔ, *kʰruːs
*qʰluʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰawX/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑuX/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ khawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰˤuʔ/ (Shuōwén; no pre-Qín exx.)
English to sob

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7402
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. obstruction of breath

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gyo, McCune-Reischauer: kyo, Yale: kyo)
    • Name (hangeul): 공교하다 (revised: gonggyohada, McCune-Reischauer: konggyohada, Yale: kongkyohada)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Readings[edit]