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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
函-oracle.svg 函-bronze.svg 函-silk.svg 函-bigseal.svg 函-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 17 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山弓水 (UNE) or 弓山水 (NUE), four-corner 10772)

  1. correspondence
  2. a case
  3. a box

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 135, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1826
  • Dae Jaweon: page 303, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 309, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+51FD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (159) (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌm/ /ɦˠɛm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəm/ /ɦᵚæm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒm/ /ɣɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəm/ /ɦəɨm/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀm/ /ɣɐm/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒm/ /ɣɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăm/ /ɣăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán xián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hom ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə-m-kˤ[ə]m/
English envelop, contain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4861 4869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːm/ /*ɡruːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はこ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はこ, romaji hako)

  1. Alternative spelling of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]