Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+51FD, 函
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51FD

[U+51FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51FE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 17, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山弓水 (UNE) or 弓山水 (NUE), four-corner 10772)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 135, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1826
  • Dae Jaweon: page 303, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 309, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+51FD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
函-oracle.svg 函-bronze.svg 函-silk.svg 函-seal.svg 函-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuːm, *ɡuːm
*ɡuːm, *ɡruːm
*ɡuːm, *ɡuːmʔ
*ɡuːm, *ɡuːmʔ
*ɡuːm
*ɡuːmʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (159) (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌm/ /ɦˠɛm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəm/ /ɦᵚæm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒm/ /ɣɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəm/ /ɦəɨm/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀm/ /ɣɐm/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒm/ /ɣɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăm/ /ɣăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán xián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hom ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə-m-kˤ[ə]m/
English envelop, contain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4861 4869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːm/ /*ɡruːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to include
  2. box
  3. letter

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はこ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はこ, rōmaji hako)

  1. Alternative spelling of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune–Reischauer ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]