Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+8B92, 讒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B92

[U+8B91]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B93]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +17, 24 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓口戈 (YRNRI), four-corner 07616, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1187, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1651, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4032, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8B92

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
⿰言兔
⿰言𫥎

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zrɯːm, *zraːms): semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *zrɯːm, *zraːm)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (20) (20)
Final () (151) (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛm/ /d͡ʒˠamH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæm/ /ɖ͡ʐᵚamH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒamH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨm/ /ɖ͡ʐaɨmH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒamH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒamH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăm/ /ɖ͡ʐʱamH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán zhàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
caam4 zaam6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1221 1242
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zrɯːm/ /*zraːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to slander; to defame; to vilify; to speak maliciously of others
  2. slander; defamation; libel
  3. slanderer

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ざん) (zan)
  • Korean: (, cham)
  • Vietnamese: sàm ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ざん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʒˠɛm, d͡ʒˠamH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ざん) (zan

  1. false charge; slander; defamation

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʒˠɛm, d͡ʒˠamH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: cham) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 참소할 (chamsohal cham))

  1. Hanja form? of (to slander).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: sàm (()(hàm)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5], gièm[4]
: Nôm readings: gièm[1][2][3][4][5][6], sàm[1][2][3][4][6], xàm[3][7][5][6], sòm[3][7][4], sờm[1][3], sồm[3], sóm[4]

  1. Hán tự form of sàm (to slander).
  2. Nôm form of gièm (to slander).
  3. Nôm form of xàm (to chatter; to prattle).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]