libel

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French libelle, from Latin libellus ‎(petition).

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Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

libel ‎(countable and uncountable, plural libels)

  1. (countable) A written or pictorial statement which unjustly seeks to damage someone's reputation.
  2. (uncountable) The act or crime of displaying such a statement publicly.
  3. (countable) Any defamatory writing; a lampoon; a satire.
  4. (law, countable) A written declaration or statement by the plaintiff of his cause of action, and of the relief he seeks.
  5. (countable) A brief writing of any kind, especially a declaration, bill, certificate, request, supplication, etc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
    • Wyclif Bible (Matthew v. 31)
      a libel of forsaking [divorcement]

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Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

libel ‎(third-person singular simple present libels, present participle (UK) libelling or (US) libeling, simple past and past participle (UK) libelled or (US) libeled)

  1. (transitive) To defame someone, especially in a manner that meets the legal definition of libel.
    He libelled her when he published that.
    • Alexander Pope
      Some wicked wits have libelled all the fair.
  2. (law) To proceed against (a ship, goods, etc.) by filing a libel.
    • United States Supreme Court, The Rio Grande, 86 U.S. 178,179 (1873)
      These provisions of law being in force, the steamer Rio Grande, owned, as was alleged, by persons in Mexico, being in the port of Mobile, in the Southern District of Alabama, certain materialmen, on the 26th of November, 1867, filed separate libels against her in the district court for the said district.

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin libellus, diminutive of liber ‎(book).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧bel

Noun[edit]

libel n ‎(plural libellen, diminutive libelletje n)

  1. booklet, notably as libel
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

libel f ‎(plural libellen, diminutive libelletje n)

  1. dragonfly
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]