claim

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See also: Claim

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English claimen, borrowed from Old French clamer (to call, name, send for), from Latin clāmō, clāmāre (to call, cry out), from Proto-Indo-European *kele- (to shout), which is imitative; see also Lithuanian kalba (language), Old English hlōwan (to low, make a noise like a cow), Old High German halan (to call), Ancient Greek καλέω (kaléō, to call, convoke), κλεδον (kledon, report, fame), κέλαδος (kélados, noise), Middle Irish cailech (cock), Latin calō (to call out, announce solemnly), Sanskrit उषःकल (uṣaḥkala, cock, literally dawn-calling). Cognate with Spanish llamar and clamar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kleɪm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪm

Noun[edit]

claim (plural claims)

  1. A demand of ownership made for something.
    a claim of ownership
    a claim of victory
  2. The thing claimed.
  3. The right or ground of demanding.
    You don't have any claim on my time, since I'm no longer your employee.
  4. A new statement of something one believes to be the truth, usually when the statement has yet to be verified or without valid evidence provided.
    The company's share price dropped amid claims of accounting fraud.
  5. A demand of ownership for previously unowned land.
    Miners had to stake their claims during the gold rush.
  6. (law) A legal demand for compensation or damages.

Usage notes[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

claim (third-person singular simple present claims, present participle claiming, simple past and past participle claimed)

  1. To demand ownership of.
  2. To state a new fact, typically without providing evidence to prove it is true.
  3. To demand ownership or right to use for land.
  4. (law) To demand compensation or damages through the courts.
  5. (intransitive) To be entitled to anything; to deduce a right or title; to have a claim.
    • John Locke
      We must know how the first ruler, from whom anyone claims, came by his authority.
  6. (archaic) To proclaim.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  7. (archaic) To call or name.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

claim

  1. first-person singular present indicative of claimen
  2. imperative of claimen