claim

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See also: Claim

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English claimen, borrowed from Old French clamer (to call, name, send for), from Latin clāmō, clāmāre (to call, cry out), from Proto-Italic *klāmāō, from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to shout), which is imitative.

See also Lithuanian kalba (language), Old English hlōwan (to low, make a noise like a cow), Old High German halan (to call), Ancient Greek καλέω (kaléō, to call, convoke), κλέδον (klédon, report, fame), κέλαδος (kélados, noise), Middle Irish cailech (cock), Latin calō (to call out, announce solemnly), Sanskrit उषःकल (uṣaḥkala, cock, literally dawn-calling). Cognate with Spanish llamar and clamar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kleɪm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪm

Noun[edit]

claim (plural claims)

  1. A demand of ownership made for something.
    a claim of ownership
    a claim of victory
  2. The thing claimed.
  3. The right or ground of demanding.
    You don't have any claim on my time, since I'm no longer your employee.
  4. A new statement of something one believes to be the truth, usually when the statement has yet to be verified or without valid evidence provided.
    The company's share price dropped amid claims of accounting fraud.
    • 2022 January 12, Nigel Harris, “Comment: Unhappy start to 2022”, in RAIL, number 948, page 3:
      The thing is, we've even had formal confirmation from Government itself that the crucial research required to make such sweeping claims hasn't been done!
  5. A demand of ownership for previously unowned land.
    Miners had to stake their claims during the gold rush.
  6. (law) A legal demand for compensation or damages.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: kleim
  • Dutch: claimen

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

claim (third-person singular simple present claims, present participle claiming, simple past and past participle claimed)

  1. To demand ownership of.
    • 1996 March 15, Linton, Leyla, “London students sing their defiance”, in The Times[1], number 65,528, ISSN 0140-0460, OCLC 502384265, Overseas News, page 14, columns 1, 2:
      Jeffrey Chuang, an economics student at University College London, said: "I am for independence. I do not think China has any right to claim Taiwan. We have confidence in our country and we know that China is not capable of doing anything to us."
  2. To state a new fact, typically without providing evidence to prove it is true.
  3. To demand ownership or right to use for land.
  4. (law) To demand compensation or damages through the courts.
  5. (intransitive) To be entitled to anything; to deduce a right or title; to have a claim.
  6. To cause the loss of, usually by violent means.
    The attacks claimed the lives of five people.
    A fire claimed two homes.
  7. (obsolete) To proclaim.
  8. (archaic) To call or name.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English claim.

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

claim

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to claim a sum of money

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

claim

  1. first-person singular present indicative of claimen
  2. imperative of claimen

Descendants[edit]