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See also: and
U+9322, 錢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9322

[U+9321]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9323]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金戈戈 (CII), four-corner 83153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1311, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4217, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9322

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zlaːn, *zaːns
*zlaːn
*zlaːn, *saːns, *ʔslenʔ, *ʔsleːn, *sreːd
*zreːn, *zreːn, *zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*ʔsreːnʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ, *ʔljenʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ
*sʰreːnʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns, *zrenʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*zreːnʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *zlen
*ʔslenʔ, *zlenʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *ʔslens, *ʔsleːn
*sʰlenʔ, *ʔsleːn
*ʔsens, *ʔseːn
*zlenʔ
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlens
*slens
*ʔsleːn
*ʔsleːn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslenʔ, *zlen): semantic  (metal; gold; money) + phonetic  (OC *zlaːn).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chîⁿ - vernacular;
  • chiân - literary;
  • chhiân - limited (e.g. in 一錢,二緣,三媠,四少年).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰian²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sʰian⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰien²⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
    /t͡ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡ziẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰien¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰin²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰin²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰin²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sian³⁵/
    /t͡sĩ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ziᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ziɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zian/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qián
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qián
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzjen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-ts[a][n]/
    English coin, money

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6003
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlen/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. money; cash
      /   ―  Wǒ méi yǒu qián.  ―  I don't have money.
    2. currency; coins
      /   ―  qián  ―  ancient coin
      /   ―  tóngqián  ―  copper (coin)
    3. cost; fund; expense
      多少 / 多少  ―  Duōshao qián?  ―  How much does it cost?
      /   ―  chēqián  ―  transport cost
    4. coin-shaped object
      /   ―  qián  ―  fruit of an elm tree
    5. mace (unit of weight equivalent to one tenth of a tael)
    6. A surname​. Qian, listed second in the Baijiaxing & the dynasty of the kings of Wuyue.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“money”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing 錢兒
    Tianjin
    Jinan 票子
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 角子
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou 銀紙
    Hong Kong 銀紙
    Taishan 銀紙
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 鈔票銅鈿
    Hangzhou 銅鈿
    Wenzhou 鈔票銅鈿番鈿
    Chongming 鈔票銅錢番錢銅錢銀銅板
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sjænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sianX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 5996
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔslenʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. a kind of farm tools

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeon) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tiền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.