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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(money) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金戈戈 (CII), four-corner 83153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1311, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4217, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9322

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰian²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰian⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰien²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
/t͡ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ziẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰin²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰin²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sian³⁵/
/t͡sĩ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziᴇn/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛn/ /d͡ziɛn/ /d͡ziɛn/ /d͡zian/ /d͡zĭɛn/ /d͡zjæn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇnX/ /t͡si̯ɛnX/ /t͡siɛnX/ /t͡siɛnX/ /t͡sianX/ /t͡sĭɛnX/ /t͡sjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qián ‹ dzjen › /*N-ts[a][n]/ coin, money

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5996 2 /*ʔslenʔ/
6003 2 /*zlen/

Definitions[edit]

  1. money; cash
    /   ―  Wǒ méi yǒu qián.  ―  I don't have money.
  2. currency, coins
    /   ―  qián  ―  ancient coin
    /   ―  tóngqián  ―  cooper (coin)
  3. cost; fund; expense
    多少 / 多少  ―  Duōshao qián?  ―  How much does it cost?
    /   ―  chēqián  ―  transport cost
  4. something that resembles a coin
    /   ―  qián  ―  fruit of an elm tree
  5. mace (unit of weight equivalent to one tenth of a tael)
  6. A surname​. Qian, listed second in the Baijiaxing & the dynasty of the kings of Wuyue.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiền)

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