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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金戈戈 (CII), four-corner 83153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1311, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4217, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9322

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslenʔ, *zlen): semantic  ‎(money) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zlaːn)

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰian²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰian⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰien²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
/t͡ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ziẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰin²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰin²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sian³⁵/
/t͡sĩ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final: (77)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qián
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ziᴇn/ /d͡ziɛn/ /d͡zjæn/ /d͡zian/ /d͡ziɛn/ /d͡zĭɛn/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (13)
Final: (77)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡siᴇnX/ /t͡siɛnX/ /t͡sjænX/ /t͡sianX/ /t͡siɛnX/ /t͡sĭɛnX/ /t͡si̯ɛnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qián ‹ dzjen › /*N-ts[a][n]/ coin, money

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5996 2 /*ʔslenʔ/
6003 2 /*zlen/

Definitions[edit]

  1. money; cash
    /   ―  Wǒ méi yǒu qián.  ―  I don't have money.
  2. currency, coins
    /   ―  qián  ―  ancient coin
    /   ―  tóngqián  ―  cooper (coin)
  3. cost; fund; expense
    多少 / 多少  ―  Duōshao qián?  ―  How much does it cost?
    /   ―  chēqián  ―  transport cost
  4. coin-shaped object
    /   ―  qián  ―  fruit of an elm tree
  5. mace (unit of weight equivalent to one tenth of a tael)
  6. A surname​. Qian, listed second in the Baijiaxing & the dynasty of the kings of Wuyue.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("money")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 錢兒
Tianjin
Jinan 票子
Xi'an
Wuhan 角子
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 銀紙
Hong Kong 銀紙
Taishan 銀紙
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Malaysia
Singapore
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 鈔票銅鈿
Hangzhou 銅鈿
Wenzhou 鈔票銅鈿番鈿
Chongming 鈔票銅錢番錢銅錢銀銅板
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiền)

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