Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+8CE4, 賤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CE4

[U+8CE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CE5]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 154, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月金戈戈 (BCII), four-corner 63853, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36826
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3647, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8CE4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zlaːn, *zaːns
*zlaːn
*zlaːn, *saːns, *ʔslenʔ, *ʔsleːn, *sreːd
*zreːn, *zreːn, *zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*ʔsreːnʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ, *ʔljenʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ
*sʰreːnʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns, *zrenʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*zreːnʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *zlen
*ʔslenʔ, *zlenʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *ʔslens, *ʔsleːn
*sʰlenʔ, *ʔsleːn
*ʔsens, *ʔseːn
*zlenʔ
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlens
*slens
*ʔsleːn
*ʔsleːn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlens): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *zlaːn).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zianH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɛnH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz][a][n]-s/
English cheap; low, mean

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6008
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlens/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cheap; inexpensive
  2. lowly; low-ranking; poor; plebeian
  3. bad; inferior; poor
  4. mean; base; despicable; obnoxious
  5. (humble) my
  6. (Min) naughty; restless
  7. to look down upon; to despise
  8. to hate; to detest
  9. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜, 低廉
Mandarin Beijing 便宜,
Taiwan 便宜
Jinan 便宜,
Xi'an 便宜,
Wuhan 便宜, 相因
Chengdu 相因, 便宜
Yangzhou 便宜, 划廉
Hefei , 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang , 平宜
Gan Nanchang 便宜
Hakka Meixian 便宜,
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Hsinchu (Raoping) 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Jin Taiyuan 便宜,
Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Matsu 便宜
Min Nan Xiamen , 便宜
Quanzhou , 便宜
Zhangzhou , 便宜
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan , 便宜
Kinmen
Magong , 便宜
Penang 便宜
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou 便
Wu Shanghai 𠼢, 便宜
Suzhou 便宜, 𠼢
Wenzhou , 便宜
Xiang Changsha 便宜
Shuangfeng 便宜,

Antonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. cheap, worthless
  2. low-ranking, inferior, humble, plebeian
  3. to despise; to look down upon

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiện)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.