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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(vicious, bones) + phonetic  – to viciously harm, injure.

Semantic was originally , but was simplified to 歹.

Han character[edit]

(radical 78 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一弓戈戈 (MNII), four-corner 13253)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 581, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16506
  • Dae Jaweon: page 974, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1389, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6B98

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (殘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昨干切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑn/ /d͡zʱɑn/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zan/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cán ‹ dzan › /*[dz]ˤa[n]/ damage; hurt; cruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5978 1 /*zlaːn/
5981 1 /*zaːns/ 徂由祖校改歹原從月

Verb[edit]

  1. to damage, to injure
  2. to kill
  3. to be left, to remain

Adjective[edit]

  1. severe, cruel
  2. damaged, defective

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jan) (hangeul , revised jan, McCune-Reischauer chan, Yale can)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tàn)

  • 殘疾 tàn tật
  • 殘杯 tàn bôi
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999