Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlaːn, *zaːns): semantic  ‎(vicious, bones) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zlaːn) – to viciously harm, injure.

Semantic was originally , but was simplified to 歹.

Han character[edit]

(radical 78 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一弓戈戈 (MNII), four-corner 13253, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 581, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16506
  • Dae Jaweon: page 974, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1389, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6B98

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zan/
Li
Rong
/d͡zɑn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤa[n]/
English damage; hurt; cruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5978 5981
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlaːn/ /*zaːns/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. to damage, to injure
  2. to kill
  3. to be left, to remain

Adjective[edit]

  1. severe, cruel
  2. damaged, defective

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jan) (hangeul , revised jan, McCune-Reischauer chan, Yale can)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tàn)

  • 殘疾 tàn tật
  • 殘杯 tàn bôi
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999