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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qemʔ, *qems, *qeb): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qem, *qems)

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一日月大 (MABK), four-corner 71234, composition)

  1. dislike, detest, reject
  2. satiate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3025
  • Dae Jaweon: page 370, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 78, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53AD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ian¹³/
Guiyang /ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /i³⁵/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠i⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ie³²⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim³³/
Nanning /jim³³/
Hong Kong /jim³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iam²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iam²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iam³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (34) (34) (34)
Final () (153) (153) (155)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇmX/ /ʔiᴇmH/ /ʔiᴇp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiɛp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjæmX/ /ʔjæmH/ /ʔjæp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiamX/ /ʔiamH/ /ʔiap̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiɛp̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛmX/ /ĭɛmH/ /ĭɛp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛmX/ /ʔi̯ɛmH/ /ʔi̯ɛp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn yàn ye
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiep › ‹ ʔjiem ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔep/ /*ʔem/
English press (v.) contented (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 14420 14426 14431
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qemʔ/ /*qems/ /*qeb/

Verb[edit]

  1. to grow bored of/become tired of something or doing something

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shared root with ‎(aki, "autumn"). Current meaning possibly arising from metaphorical use of the meaning "autumn".

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. Disgust.
  2. Having one's fill; loss of interest.

Alternative forms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably originally onomatopoetic, much like the English yuck.

Adjective[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Disgusting, unpleasant, yucky.
Inflection[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Yuck, ew.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeom, yeop) (hangeul , , revised yeom, yeop, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, yŏp, Yale yem, yep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ướm, yếm, ếm, êm, im)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.