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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一日月大 (MABK), four-corner 71234, composition)

  1. dislike, detest, reject
  2. satiate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3025
  • Dae Jaweon: page 370, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 78, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53AD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ian¹³/
Guiyang /ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /i³⁵/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠i⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ie³²⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim³³/
Nanning /jim³³/
Hong Kong /jim³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iam²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iam²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iam³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇmX/ /ʔi̯ɛmX/ /ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiamX/ /ĭɛmX/ /ʔjæmX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇmH/ /ʔi̯ɛmH/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiamH/ /ĭɛmH/ /ʔjæmH/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇp̚/ /ʔi̯ɛp̚/ /ʔiɛp̚/ /ʔiɛp̚/ /ʔiap̚/ /ĭɛp̚/ /ʔjæp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjiep › /*ʔep/ press (v.)
yān ‹ ʔjiem › /*ʔem/ contented (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14420 2 /*qemʔ/
14426 2 /*qems/
14431 2 /*qeb/

Verb[edit]

  1. to grow bored of/become tired of something or doing something

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shared root with ‎(aki, "autumn"). Current meaning possibly arising from metaphorical use of the meaning "autumn".

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. Disgust.
  2. Having one's fill; loss of interest.

Alternative forms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably originally onomatopoetic, much like the English yuck.

Adjective[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Disgusting, unpleasant, yucky.
Inflection[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Yuck, ew.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeom, yeop) (hangeul , , revised yeom, yeop, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, yŏp, Yale yem, yep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ướm, yếm, ếm, êm, im)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.