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See also:
U+53AD, 厭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53AD

[U+53AC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53AE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 27, +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一日月大 (MABK), four-corner 71234, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3025
  • Dae Jaweon: page 370, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 78, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53AD

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
厭-bronze.svg 厭-silk.svg 厭-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qemʔ, *qems, *qeb): semantic + phonetic (OC *qem, *qems).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iam3 - Shantou;
  • iêm3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
    Harbin /ian⁵³/
    Tianjin /ian⁵³/
    Jinan /iã²¹/
    Qingdao /iã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
    Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
    Xining /iã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ian¹³/
    Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
    Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /ian¹³/
    Guiyang /ian²¹³/
    Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /i³⁵/
    Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠i⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /ie³²⁴/
    Tunxi /iɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /iẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /iam⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒɑm⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jim³³/
    Nanning /jim³³/
    Hong Kong /jim³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iam²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iam²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iam³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (34) (34) (34)
    Final () (153) (153) (155)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () III III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔiᴇmX/ /ʔiᴇmH/ /ʔiᴇp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiɛp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔjæmX/ /ʔjæmH/ /ʔjæp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiamX/ /ʔiamH/ /ʔiap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɛmX/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔiɛp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɛmX/ /ĭɛmH/ /ĭɛp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɛmX/ /ʔi̯ɛmH/ /ʔi̯ɛp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǎn yàn ye
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jim2 jim3 jip3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjiep › ‹ ʔjiem ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔep/ /*ʔem/
    English press (v.) contented (adj.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 14420 14426 14431
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qemʔ/ /*qems/ /*qeb/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to be satisfied; to be sated
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE, translation from Zuozhuan: Commentary on the "Spring and Autumn Annals" (2017), by Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li and David Schaberg
      Jiāng Shì hé yàn zhī yǒu [Pinyin]
      How will Lady Jiang ever be satisfied?
    2. to be fed up with; to grow bored of; to become tired of
      朱古力成日 [Cantonese, trad.]
      朱古力成日 [Cantonese, simp.]
      zyu1 gu2-1 lik6-1 seng4 jat6 sik6 dou1 sik6 m4 jim3. [Jyutping]
      One doesn't ever grow tired of eating chocolate, despite eating it all the time.
    3. to detest; to dislike; to hate
    4. (dialectal Wu) naughty
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms
    𤸸

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Hokkien) to be tired
    2. (Hokkien, Teochew) to be fed up with; to grow bored of; to become tired of
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あき
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Shared root with (aki, "autumn"). Current meaning possibly arising from metaphorical use of the meaning "autumn".

    Noun[edit]

    (あき) (aki

    1. Disgust.
    2. Having one's fill; loss of interest.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Idiom[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いや
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    いや
    [adjective] disagreeable, unpleasant, disgusting, offensive, abhorrent
    [interjection] yuck, ew
    Alternative spellings
    , , 厭や
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiᴇmH).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [jʌ̹(ː)m]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 싫어할 (sireohal yeom))

    1. Hanja form? of (to detest).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: ướm, yếm, ếm, êm, im

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.