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See also:
U+81A9, 膩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81A9

[U+81A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81AA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月戈心金 (BIPC), four-corner 73240, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 994, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29862
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2110, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81A9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nis): semantic  (meat) + phonetic  (OC *njis).

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • ni - “fatty; oily”;
    • ne - “too greasy”.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • nā̤ - vernacular (“too greasy; to become soggy”);
    • nī - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • nê̤ṳ - vernacular (“oily”);
    • né̤ṳ - vernacular (“too greasy or sweet; to be sick of”);
    • nê - literary (“meticulous”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nyi5 - vernacular;
    • nyi4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (12)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɳˠiɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɳᵚiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /niɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɳjiH/
    Li
    Rong
    /njiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /niH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /niH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nrijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nri[j]-s/
    English oily

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2823
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nis/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fatty; oily
    2. too greasy to bear
      /   ―  féi ér bù   ―  fat but not too greasy
    3. (Min Bei) to become soggy
    4. meticulous; delicate; glossy
    5. to make (someone) feel sick; to disgust (someone)
    6. to be sick of; to be tired of
    7. (literary) dirt
    8. sticky; grimy
    9. intimate; close
    10. (Beijing) to stick around, causing others to be fed up
    11. (Beijing) to stick to (someone); to pester (someone)
    12. (Beijing) to fill a crack; to putty
    13. (Sichuan) to hesitate; to be irresolute
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (too greasy): (Sichuanese) (nyiang4)
    • (to hesitate):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) Alternative form of (nau6, “heavy; filling; too greasy or sweet”).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Dong) to nap; to doze

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (ji), (ni)
    • Kun: あぶら (abura), あぶらあか (aburaaka)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ni>i) (hangeul >, revised ni>i, McCune–Reischauer ni>i, Yale ni>i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.