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U+80A5, 肥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80A5

[U+80A4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80A6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月日山 (BAU), four-corner 77217, composition(GJKV) or ⿰(HT))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 974, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2055, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+80A5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
肥-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯlʔ, *bɯl
*bɯl
*bɯl
*bɯls

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pûi - vernacular;
  • hûi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fei³⁵/
Harbin /fei²⁴/
Tianjin /fei⁴⁵/
Jinan /fei⁴²/
Qingdao /fe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fi⁴²/
Xi'an /fi²⁴/
Xining /fɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /fei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁵³/
Ürümqi /fei⁵¹/
Wuhan /fei²¹³/
Chengdu /fei³¹/
Guiyang /fei²¹/
Kunming /fei³¹/
Nanjing /fəi²⁴/
Hefei /fe⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fei¹¹/
Pingyao /xuei¹³/
Hohhot /fei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vi²³/
/bi²³/
Suzhou /vi¹³/
Hangzhou /bi²¹³/
/vi²¹³/
Wenzhou /vei³¹/
/bei³¹/
Hui Shexian /fe⁴⁴/
Tunxi /fe⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fei¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰui¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fei²¹/
Nanning /fi²¹/
Hong Kong /fei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hui³⁵/
/pui³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /py³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbui³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buj/
Li
Rong
/biuəi/
Wang
Li
/bĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
féi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
féi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b][ə]r/
English fat (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3118
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. fat, plump, obese
    /   ―  jiǎnféi  ―  to lose weight
  2. fertile
  3. fertiliser
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“fat (a.)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing , 富態
Taiwan
Jinan , 富態
Xi'an , 富態
Wuhan , 富態
Chengdu , 富態
Yangzhou , 富態
Hefei , 富態
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang , 生肉
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting ,
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 大箍
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 大箍
Hsinchu (Hailu) , 大箍
Dongshi (Dabu) , 大箍
Hsinchu (Raoping) , 大箍
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 大箍
Jin Taiyuan , , 富態
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei 大箍,
Kaohsiung 大箍,
Tainan 大箍,
Taichung , 大箍
Hsinchu
Lukang 大箍,
Sanxia 大箍
Yilan 大箍,
Kinmen 大箍,
Magong 大箍,
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou ,
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. manure
  2. fertilizer
  3. dung

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
こえ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こえ, rōmaji koe)

  1. manure; fertilizer; dung

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune–Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phì, phè, phề)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.