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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

  1. big, large
  2. robust
  3. the Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壯), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 側亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨɐŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/ /t͡ʃiaŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/ /t͡ʃĭaŋH/ /t͡ʃiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhuàng ‹ tsrjangH › /*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/ robust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10307 0 /*ʔsraŋs/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Adjective[edit]

  1. strong; robust

Verb[edit]

  1. to strengthen

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First written as (note the "beast" radical, ). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (with a "person" radical, ). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to ("strong; robust") in 1965.

Noun[edit]

  1. the Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Pinyin zhuàng (zhuang4), Wade-Giles chuang4)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(TLPA tsòng (tsong3))

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tráng, trắng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.