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See also:
U+58EF, 壯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EF

[U+58EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58F0]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*kaːl, *ʔsaːŋ, *zaŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*zaːŋ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋʔ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋs
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋs
漿 *ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ, *ʔshaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*braːn, *zaŋ
*zaŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ, *ʔsraŋs
*ʔsraŋs
*rnɯːɡ, *zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsraŋs): phonetic  (OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhuǎng - dialectal variant for “robust; strong”, substituting for . Popular in northern Mandarin, including the Beijing area.
Note:
  • chàng - vernacular;
  • chòng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/
English robust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. strong; robust
  2. to strengthen
  3. (traditional Chinese medicine) one burn of moxa in moxibustion

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms obsolete
obsolete

First written as (composed of , the “beast” radical, and , “servant”). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (with , the “person” radical). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to (“strong; robust”) in 1965.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (~族) Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China
    廣西自治區 / 广西自治区  ―  Guǎngxī zhuàngzú zìzhìqū  ―  Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zhuāng, “serious; solemn”).
  2. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tráng, trắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.