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U+58EF, 壯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EF

[U+58EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58F0]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

  1. big, large
  2. robust
  3. the Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*kaːl, *ʔsaːŋ, *zaŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*zaːŋ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋʔ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋs
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋs
漿 *ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ, *ʔshaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*braːn, *zaŋ
*zaŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ, *ʔsraŋs
*ʔsraŋs
*rnɯːɡ, *zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsraŋs): phonetic (OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chòng - literary;
  • chàng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/
English robust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraŋs/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective[edit]

  1. strong; robust

Verb[edit]

  1. to strengthen

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First written as (note the "beast" radical, (quǎn)). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (with a "person" radical, (rén)). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to ("strong; robust") in 1965.

Noun[edit]

  1. the Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tráng, trắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.