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See also:
U+58EF, 壯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EF

[U+58EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58F0]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 33, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*kaːl, *ʔsaːŋ, *zaŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*zaːŋ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋʔ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋs
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋs
漿 *ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ, *ʔshaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*braːn, *zaŋ
*zaŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ, *ʔsraŋs
*ʔsraŋs
*rnɯːɡ, *zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsraŋs): phonetic  (OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhuǎng - dialectal variant for “robust; strong”, substituting for . Popular in northern Mandarin, including the Beijing area.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chàng - vernacular;
    • chòng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃiɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃiaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhuàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhuàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrjangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/
    English robust

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10307
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsraŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. strong; robust
    2. to strengthen
    3. (traditional Chinese medicine) one burn of moxa in moxibustion

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp. *
    variant forms obsolete
    obsolete

    First written as (composed of , the “beast” radical, and , “servant”). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (with , the “person” radical). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to (zhuàng, “strong; robust”) in 1965.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (~族) Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China
      廣西自治區 / 广西自治区  ―  Guǎngxī zhuàngzú zìzhìqū  ―  Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp. *

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (zhuāng, “serious; solemn”).
    2. A surname​.

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jang) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tráng, trắng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.