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See also:
U+5E8A, 床
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E8A

[U+5E89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E8B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 53, 广+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈木 (ID) or X戈木 (XID), four-corner 00294, composition广)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 343, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 873, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+5E8A

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Vietic *k-ɟəːŋ (bed), whence Vietnamese giường and Chut kəcɨːŋ², is a borrowing from Old Chinese (Alves, 2015).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhn̂g - vernacular (“bed”);
  • sn̂g - vernacular (“steamer basket”);
  • chhông - literary.
Note:
  • ceng5 - “bed; table”;
  • seng5 - vernacular (“steamer basket”).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰuɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰuaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
    /suə¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /zɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /so⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /sau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔŋ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰŋ̍³⁵/
    /sŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /so³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chuáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzrjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.dzraŋ/
    English bed

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10310
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zraŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bed; couch (Classifier: )
    2. framework; chassis
    3. (Teochew) table
    4. rails of the well
    5. bottom
    6. classifier for bedding, or large vehicles

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆか
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Attested in the 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki), completed in 720 and one of the earliest works written in Japanese (see Wikipedia:Nihon Shoki), with a meaning of bed.

    According to the 和句解 (Wakuge), published in 1668 by early Edo-period scholar Matsunaga Teitoku (松永貞徳; see Wikipedia:ja:松永貞徳), derives from ゆか (yuka) as the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) stem of the verb 行く (yuku, to go) of an original meaning similar to "not going", in reference to a place where one sits down to rest.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ゆか) (yuka

    1. the floor (the bottom surface of a room)
      (ゆか)()
      yuka o haku
      to sweep the floor
    2. a bed
    3. (theater) a raised area of a stage where a presenter or musician sits
    4. a raised platform erected along the Kamo River in Kyōto in summer, used as an outdoor tea shop or restaurant
    Antonyms[edit]
    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    とこ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    ⟨to2ko2/toko/

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tokoro, place). Attested since at least the Nara period, appearing in the Man'yōshū, completed in 759.[3][4]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (とこ) (toko

    1. a raised platform roughly 30cm tall used in dirt-floored rooms as a seat
    2. a raised area on which to sleep: a bed
    3. a sickbed
    4. the floor
    5. tatami mats
    6. the seat of an oxcart
    7. short for 床間 / 床の間 (toko no ma): an alcove with a raised floor along one wall of a traditional Japanese living room
    8. an alcove with a raised floor used as a study: see 付書院 (tsuke shoin)
    9. a box seat, such as at a parade, theater, or stadium
    10. short for 床店 (tokomise): a stall with a raised floor used as a store
    11. short for 床屋 (tokoya): a barbershop, from how such shops were historically often tokomise
    12. short for 床船梁 (toko funabari), 舵床 (kajidoko): the large wooden beam at the very aft of a traditional wood-hulled Japanese ship, upon which the rudder is seated
    13. the heel of a plough; the part of the bottom of a plough that touches the ground and guides the ploughshare
    14. short for 苗床 (naedoko): a seedbed
    15. short for 鉄床, 金床 (kanatoko): an anvil
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    kan’yōon

    /ʑau//ɕau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʒɨɐŋ). Devoicing apparently occurred after borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (しょう) (-shō (historical kana しやう)

    1. beds

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    4. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4331), text here

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 평상 (pyeongsang sang))

    1. Hanja form? of (bed, couch; framework, chassis).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sàng, giàn, giường, sường, giàng, rương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.