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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
床-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈木 (ID) or X戈木 (XID), four-corner 00294, composition广)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 343, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 873, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+5E8A

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
/suə¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃¹³/
Suzhou /zɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /so⁴⁴/
Tunxi /sau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔŋ³⁵/
/t͡sʰŋ̍³⁵/
/sŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /so³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final: (105)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chuáng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʒɨɐŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐiɐŋ/ /d͡ʒiɑŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐɨaŋ/ /d͡ʒiaŋ/ /d͡ʒĭaŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10310 0 /*zraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bed, couch   (Classifier: )
  2. framework, chassis

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆか
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the 日本書紀 ‎(Nihon Shoki), completed in 720 and one of the earliest works written in Japanese (see Wikipedia:Nihon Shoki), with a meaning of bed.

According to the 和句解 (Wakuge), published in 1668 by early Edo-period scholar Matsunaga Teitoku (松永貞徳; see Wikipedia:ja:松永貞徳), derives from ゆか (yuka) as the 未然形 ‎(mizenkei, irrealis form) stem of the verb 行く ‎(yuku, to go) of an original meaning similar to "not going", in reference to a place where one sits down to rest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆか, romaji yuka)

  1. the floor (the bottom surface of a room)
  2. a bed
  3. (theater) a raised area of a stage where a presenter or musician sits
  4. a raised platform erected along the Kamo River in Kyōto in summer, used as an outdoor tea shop or restaurant
Antonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with ‎(tokoro, place). Attested since at least the Nara period, appearing in the 万葉集 ‎(Man'yōshū), completed in 759 (see Wikipedia:Man'yōshū).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とこ, romaji toko)

  1. a raised platform roughly 30cm tall used in dirt-floored rooms as a seat
  2. a raised area on which to sleep: a bed
  3. the floor
  4. tatami mats
  5. the seat of an oxcart
  6. short for 床間 / 床の間 ‎(toko no ma): an alcove with a raised floor along one wall of a traditional Japanese living room
  7. an alcove with a raised floor used as a study: see 付書院 ‎(tsuke shoin)
  8. a box seat, such as at a parade, theater, or stadium
  9. short for 床店 ‎(tokomise): a stall with a raised floor used as a store
  10. short for 床屋 ‎(tokoya): a barbershop, from how such shops were historically often tokomise
  11. short for 床船梁 ‎(toko funabari), 舵床 ‎(kajidoko): the large wooden beam at the very aft of a traditional wood-hulled Japanese ship, upon which the rudder is seated
  12. the heel of a plough; the part of the bottom of a plough that touches the ground and guides the ploughshare
  13. short for 苗床 ‎(naedoko): a seedbed
  14. short for 鉄床, 金床 ‎(kanatoko): an anvil

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(jrhiɑng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. beds

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sàng, giàn, giường, sường, giàng, rương)

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