stadium

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See also: Stadium and stádium

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A stadium (venue for sporting events)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin stadium (a measure of length, a race course) (commonly one-eighth of a Roman mile; translated in early English Bibles by furlong), from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion, a measure of length, a running track), especially the track at Olympia, which was one stadium in length. The Greek word may literally mean "fixed standard of length" (from στάδιος (stádios, firm, fixed), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-, whence also stand and Latin stare). Doublet of stade, stadion, and estadio.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsteɪ.di.əm/
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧um
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

stadium (plural stadiums or stadia)

  1. A venue where sporting events are held.
    • 2013 June 18, Simon Romero, “Protests Widen as Brazilians Chide Leaders”, in New York Times[1]:
      In a convulsion that has caught many in Brazil and beyond by surprise, waves of protesters denounced their leaders for dedicating so many resources to cultivating Brazil’s global image by building stadiums for international events, when basic services like education and health care remain woefully inadequate.
  2. An Ancient Greek racecourse, especially, the Olympic course for foot races.
    Synonym: stadion
  3. (historical) Synonym of stadion, a Greek unit of length equivalent to about 185 m.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, →OCLC, partition 2, section 2, member 3, page 245:
      Dionysiodorus [] sent a letter ad superos after he was dead, from the centre of the earth, to signify what distance the same centre was from the superficies of the same, viz. 42,000 stadiums  [] .
  4. A kind of telemeter for measuring the distance of an object of known dimensions, by observing the angle it subtends.
  5. (surveying) a graduated rod used to measure the distance of the place where it stands from an instrument having a telescope, by observing the number of the graduations of the rod that are seen between certain parallel wires (stadia wires) in the field of view of the telescope.
  6. (biology) A life stage of an organism.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The alternative plural stadia is occasionally used, chiefly in high-register contexts or when referring to the Ancient Greek unit of measure.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadium n

  1. stage, phase

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • stadium in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • stadium in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • stadium in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin stadium (a measure of length, commonly one-eighth of a Roman mile, furlong; a race course), from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion, a measure of length, a running track), especially the track at Olympia, which was one stadium in length. The Greek word may literally mean "fixed standard of length" (from στάδιος (stádios, firm, fixed), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstaː.di.ʏm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧um

Noun[edit]

stadium n (plural stadiums or stadia, diminutive stadiumpje n)

  1. A stage; a phase.
  2. (rare, nonstandard) A stadium.
    Synonym: stadion

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: stadium

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch stadium (stadium, life stage; stage, phase), from Latin stadium (a measure of length, a race course), from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion, a measure of length, a running track), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-. Doublet of stadion.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /staˈdiʊm/
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧um
  • Rhymes: -ʊm, -m

Noun[edit]

stadium (plural stadium-stadium, first-person possessive stadiumku, second-person possessive stadiummu, third-person possessive stadiumnya)

  1. (biology) stadium: a life stage of an organism.
  2. (pathology) stage; phase.
    kanker payudara stadium IVstage IV breast cancer

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadium n (genitive stadiī or stadī); second declension

  1. stade (distance of 125 paces)
  2. racecourse (athletics)

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stadium stadia
Genitive stadiī
stadī1
stadiōrum
Dative stadiō stadiīs
Accusative stadium stadia
Ablative stadiō stadiīs
Vocative stadium stadia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (measure of distance): stadiī (plurale tantum)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • stadium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stadium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stadium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to run a foot-race: stadium currere (Off. 3. 10. 42)
  • stadium”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[3]
  • stadium”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stadium”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English stadium, from Latin stadium, from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion), from στάδιος (stádios), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadium (Jawi spellingستاديوم⁩, plural stadium-stadium, informal 1st possessive stadiumku, 2nd possessive stadiummu, 3rd possessive stadiumnya)

  1. stadium (venue where sporting events are held)

Alternative forms[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion), via Latin stadium.

Noun[edit]

stadium n (definite singular stadiet, indefinite plural stadier, definite plural stadia or stadiene)

  1. a stage (of a process or development)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion), via Latin stadium.

Noun[edit]

stadium n (definite singular stadiet, indefinite plural stadium, definite plural stadia)

  1. a stage (of a process or development)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin stadium, from Ancient Greek στᾰ́δῐον (stádion). Doublet of stadion (arena, stadium).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadium n

  1. stage, phase
    Synonym: faza

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • stadium in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • stadium in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadium n

  1. a stage, a phase (delimited part of something that happens)
    Synonym: skede
    i ett tidigt stadium
    at an early stage
    i ett senare stadium
    at a later stage

Declension[edit]

Declension of stadium 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative stadium stadiet stadier stadierna
Genitive stadiums stadiets stadiers stadiernas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]