stadion

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Stadion and stadión

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion). Doublet of stade, stadium, and estadio.

Noun[edit]

stadion (plural stadia or stadions)

  1. (historical) A Greek unit of distance based on standardized footraces, equivalent to about 185.4 metres.
    Synonyms: (historical) furlong, stade, stadium
    Hyponym: Olympic stadion
    Coordinate terms: (1/600 stadion) Greek foot, (1/125 stadion) passus, (1/6 stadion) plethron
    • 1883: Franz von Reber (translated by Joseph Thacher Clarke), History of ancient art, p257 (S. Low…)
      The stadion did not suffice for the races of horses and chariots which had been favorites with the Greeks since the Trojan war.
    • 1993: David Gilman Romano, Athletics and Mathematics in Archaic Corinth: The Origins of the Greek Stadion, page 1 (Diane Publishing Co.; →ISBN (10), →ISBN (13))
      The stadion was used specifically for human athletic contests whereas the Greek hippodrome and later the Roman circus were used for equestrian events. The gymnasion and the palaistra were used for training purposes for human athletic events.
    • 2001, Edward Seldon Sears, Running Through the Ages, McFarland & Company, →ISBN, page 26:
      Stadion Race (200 meters) []  The winner of the Stadion race could justifiably be called the fastest man in the Greek world. According to legend, Herakles, whose feet were 0·32 meters (12·7 inches) long, stepped-off the Stadion at Olympia. Since he chose a distance of 600 “feet”, this made the race at Olympia 192 meters. Herakles staged a race for his brothers, the Kouretes, and crowned the victor with a branch of wild olive. Although the Greek Stadion race was always 600 feet, other Greek gods had “feet” of different lengths. This caused the length of the Stadion race to vary slightly from stadium to stadium. This list of Olympic victors compiled by Hippias in about 400 B.C. lists the Stadion race as the only event in the first 13 Olympic games. Coreobus of Elis, a cook, was the victor in the Stadion race in 776 B.C. and thus the first recorded Olympic victor.
    • 2011, Ali Kemal Senan, Phaselis, →ISBN, page 510:
      Major Lacius, together with his soldiers, met the group in a place about two stadions from the court.
  2. Synonym of stadium (Ancient Greek racecourse).
    • 1882, Franz von Reber, translated by Joseph Thacher Clarke, History of Ancient Art, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], pages 17–18:
      The stadion did not suffice for the races of horses and chariots which had been favorites with the Greeks since the Trojan war. In such early ages, any goal chosen in the plain was sufficient, like the oak-trunk mentioned by Homer; but it could not have been long before the need was manifest of a sloping stand for the spectators and an enclosure for the contestants, and thus the hippodrome, the race-course, was developed similarly to the smaller stadion.
    • 1896, Duffield Osborne, “A Day at Olympia”, in Scribner’s Magazine, volume XIX, number 50, New York, N.Y.: Charles Scribner’s Sons; London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Limited, page 436, column 1:
      [] to my mind, that honor which a man attains by the wealth that allows him to buy the speediest horses and hire the most skilful drivers, compares poorly with the honor he wins who descends naked into the stadion and conquers by the strength of his muscles, the cunning of his brain, and the courage of his heart.
    • 1927, Matlack Price, The ABC of Architecture, New York, N.Y.: E. P. Dutton & Company, page 131:
      Nor can we think of these buildings as minor architectural incidents when we learn that the stadion at Athens seated between forty and fifty thousand people.
    • 1993, Per Bilde, editor, Centre and Periphery in the Hellenistic World, Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, →ISBN, page 98:
      In the Hellenistic period, the town-centres in the southern part of Illyria were further hellenized and, like Byllis (southern Albania), equipped with public buildings such as temples, stadions and theatres, in addition to agoras, peristyles, etc. (Ceka 1985a).
    • 2023, Dean Peeters, Shaping Regionality in Socio-Economic Systems: Late Hellenistic – Late Roman Ceramic Production, Circulation, and Consumption in Boeotia, Central Greece (c. 150 BC–AD 700) (Roman and Late Antique Mediterranean Pottery; 18), Oxford, Oxon: Archaeopress, →ISBN, pages 58–59:
      In addition, only a small number of cities (and almost no small cities) present evidence for the repair or adaptation of public buildings (i.e. agorai, theatres, odeia, stadions, aqueducts, and baths) during the Early Roman Imperial period.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadion m inan

  1. stadium (venue where sporting events are held)

Declension[edit]

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Noun[edit]

stadion n (definite singular stadionet, indefinite plural stadioner / stadions, definite plural stadionerne)

  1. a stadium (sporting venue)

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion), from στάδιος (stádios), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧on

Noun[edit]

stadion n (plural stadions, diminutive stadionnetje n)

  1. (sports) stadium, arena

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: stadion

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɑdion/, [ˈs̠tɑ̝dio̞n]
  • Rhymes: -ɑdion
  • Syllabification(key): sta‧di‧on

Noun[edit]

stadion

  1. (sports) stadium
  2. stadion (unit of measure)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of stadion (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative stadion stadionit
genitive stadionin stadionien
stadioneiden
stadioneitten
partitive stadionia stadioneita
stadioneja
illative stadioniin stadioneihin
singular plural
nominative stadion stadionit
accusative nom. stadion stadionit
gen. stadionin
genitive stadionin stadionien
stadioneiden
stadioneitten
partitive stadionia stadioneita
stadioneja
inessive stadionissa stadioneissa
elative stadionista stadioneista
illative stadioniin stadioneihin
adessive stadionilla stadioneilla
ablative stadionilta stadioneilta
allative stadionille stadioneille
essive stadionina stadioneina
translative stadioniksi stadioneiksi
abessive stadionitta stadioneitta
instructive stadionein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of stadion (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stadionini stadionini
accusative nom. stadionini stadionini
gen. stadionini
genitive stadionini stadionieni
stadioneideni
stadioneitteni
partitive stadioniani stadioneitani
stadionejani
inessive stadionissani stadioneissani
elative stadionistani stadioneistani
illative stadioniini stadioneihini
adessive stadionillani stadioneillani
ablative stadioniltani stadioneiltani
allative stadionilleni stadioneilleni
essive stadioninani stadioneinani
translative stadionikseni stadioneikseni
abessive stadionittani stadioneittani
instructive
comitative stadioneineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stadionisi stadionisi
accusative nom. stadionisi stadionisi
gen. stadionisi
genitive stadionisi stadioniesi
stadioneidesi
stadioneittesi
partitive stadioniasi stadioneitasi
stadionejasi
inessive stadionissasi stadioneissasi
elative stadionistasi stadioneistasi
illative stadioniisi stadioneihisi
adessive stadionillasi stadioneillasi
ablative stadioniltasi stadioneiltasi
allative stadionillesi stadioneillesi
essive stadioninasi stadioneinasi
translative stadioniksesi stadioneiksesi
abessive stadionittasi stadioneittasi
instructive
comitative stadioneinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stadionimme stadionimme
accusative nom. stadionimme stadionimme
gen. stadionimme
genitive stadionimme stadioniemme
stadioneidemme
stadioneittemme
partitive stadioniamme stadioneitamme
stadionejamme
inessive stadionissamme stadioneissamme
elative stadionistamme stadioneistamme
illative stadioniimme stadioneihimme
adessive stadionillamme stadioneillamme
ablative stadioniltamme stadioneiltamme
allative stadionillemme stadioneillemme
essive stadioninamme stadioneinamme
translative stadioniksemme stadioneiksemme
abessive stadionittamme stadioneittamme
instructive
comitative stadioneinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stadioninne stadioninne
accusative nom. stadioninne stadioninne
gen. stadioninne
genitive stadioninne stadionienne
stadioneidenne
stadioneittenne
partitive stadionianne stadioneitanne
stadionejanne
inessive stadionissanne stadioneissanne
elative stadionistanne stadioneistanne
illative stadioniinne stadioneihinne
adessive stadionillanne stadioneillanne
ablative stadioniltanne stadioneiltanne
allative stadionillenne stadioneillenne
essive stadioninanne stadioneinanne
translative stadioniksenne stadioneiksenne
abessive stadionittanne stadioneittanne
instructive
comitative stadioneinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative stadioninsa stadioninsa
accusative nom. stadioninsa stadioninsa
gen. stadioninsa
genitive stadioninsa stadioniensa
stadioneidensa
stadioneittensa
partitive stadioniaan
stadioniansa
stadioneitaan
stadionejaan
stadioneitansa
stadionejansa
inessive stadionissaan
stadionissansa
stadioneissaan
stadioneissansa
elative stadionistaan
stadionistansa
stadioneistaan
stadioneistansa
illative stadioniinsa stadioneihinsa
adessive stadionillaan
stadionillansa
stadioneillaan
stadioneillansa
ablative stadioniltaan
stadioniltansa
stadioneiltaan
stadioneiltansa
allative stadionilleen
stadionillensa
stadioneilleen
stadioneillensa
essive stadioninaan
stadioninansa
stadioneinaan
stadioneinansa
translative stadionikseen
stadioniksensa
stadioneikseen
stadioneiksensa
abessive stadionittaan
stadionittansa
stadioneittaan
stadioneittansa
instructive
comitative stadioneineen
stadioneinensa

Synonyms[edit]

  • (sports stadium): kilpola (rare, dated)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Stadion (stadium), from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃtɒdijon]
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧on
  • Rhymes: -on

Noun[edit]

stadion (plural stadionok)

  1. stadium (venue where sporting events are held)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative stadion stadionok
accusative stadiont stadionokat
dative stadionnak stadionoknak
instrumental stadionnal stadionokkal
causal-final stadionért stadionokért
translative stadionná stadionokká
terminative stadionig stadionokig
essive-formal stadionként stadionokként
essive-modal
inessive stadionban stadionokban
superessive stadionon stadionokon
adessive stadionnál stadionoknál
illative stadionba stadionokba
sublative stadionra stadionokra
allative stadionhoz stadionokhoz
elative stadionból stadionokból
delative stadionról stadionokról
ablative stadiontól stadionoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
stadioné stadionoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
stadionéi stadionokéi
Possessive forms of stadion
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. stadionom stadionjaim
2nd person sing. stadionod stadionjaid
3rd person sing. stadionja stadionjai
1st person plural stadionunk stadionjaink
2nd person plural stadionotok stadionjaitok
3rd person plural stadionjuk stadionjaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ stadion in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • stadion in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch stadion, from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion), from στάδιος (stádios), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-. Doublet of stadium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /staˈdiɔn/
  • Hyphenation: sta‧di‧on
  • Rhymes: -ɔn, -n

Noun[edit]

stadion (plural stadion-stadion, first-person possessive stadionku, second-person possessive stadionmu, third-person possessive stadionnya)

  1. (sports) stadium: a venue where sporting events are held.

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion). Doublet of stadium.

Noun[edit]

stadion m or n (definite singular stadionen m or stadionet n, indefinite plural stadioner, definite plural stadionene)

  1. a stadium (sporting venue)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion). Doublet of stadium.

Noun[edit]

stadion m (definite singular stadionen, indefinite plural stadionar, definite plural stadionane)
stadion n (definite singular stadionet, indefinite plural stadion, definite plural stadiona)

  1. a stadium (sporting venue)

Polish[edit]

stadion

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek στᾰ́δῐον (stádion). Doublet of stadium (stage, phase).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadion m inan

  1. (sports) stadium
    Synonym: arena

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • stadion in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • stadion in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

stadion

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Stadion.

Noun[edit]

stadion n (plural stadioane)

  1. stadium (venue where sporting events are held)

Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek στάδιον (stádion).

Noun[edit]

stȁdiōn m (Cyrillic spelling ста̏дио̄н)

  1. (sports) stadium
  2. (unit of measure) stadion

Declension[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stadion n or c (definite singular stadion, indefinite plural stadion, definite plural stadion)

  1. a stadium (sporting venue)