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U+6839, 根
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6839

[U+6838]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+683A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木日女 (DAV), four-corner 47932, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1208, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6839

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːn): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kɯːns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gṳ̆ng - vernacular (“root; descendant; base”);
  • gŏng - literary (“source; basis”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (53)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kən/
Pan
Wuyun
/kən/
Shao
Rongfen
/kən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kən/
Li
Rong
/kən/
Wang
Li
/kən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤə[r]/
English root, trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3920
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (botany) root   (Classifier: m)
  2. base; basis; foundation
  3. family root; ancestors
  4. descendant; offspring
  5. source; origin
  6. (figuratively) penis   (Classifier: m)
  7. (Buddhism) indriya; faculty; spiritual faculty
  8. (mathematics) root
  9. (mathematics) solution to an algebraic equation   (Classifier: )
  10. (chemistry) radical
  11. completely; from the source
  12. Classifier for long, slender objects, such as cigarettes, fingers, candles, ropes, guitar strings.  all nouns using this classifier

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. root
  2. base, foundation

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ne)

  1. a root
  2. the source; the root
  3. nature; one's character that one have by birth
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こん, romaji kon)

  1. perseverance, patience
  2. (arithmetic) root
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana にー, romaji )

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ne).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にー, romaji )

  1. root

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(căn, cằn, cỗi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.