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U+6839, 根
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6839

[U+6838]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+683A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木日女 (DAV), four-corner 47932, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1208, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6839

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːn): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kɯːns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gṳ̆ng - vernacular (“root; descendant; base”);
  • gŏng - literary (“source; basis”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (53)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kən/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kən/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kən/
    Li
    Rong
    /kən/
    Wang
    Li
    /kən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gēn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁə[r]/
    English root, trunk

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3920
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (botany) root (Classifier: m)
    2. base; basis; foundation
    3. family root; ancestors
    4. descendant; offspring
    5. source; origin
    6. (figuratively) penis (Classifier: m)
    7. (Buddhism) indriya; faculty; spiritual faculty
    8. (mathematics) root
    9. (mathematics) solution to an algebraic equation (Classifier: )
    10. (chemistry) radical
    11. completely; from the source
    12. Classifier for long, slender objects, such as cigarettes, fingers, candles, ropes, and guitar strings.all nouns using this classifier

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. root
    2. base, foundation

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ne)

    1. a root
    2. the source; the root
    3. nature; one's character that one have by birth
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana こん, rōmaji kon)

    1. perseverance, patience
    2. (arithmetic) root
    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune–Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana にー, romaji )

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (ne).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana にー, romaji )

    1. root

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (căn, cằn, cỗi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.