kun

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: -kun, kūn, kǔn, kún, kùn, and kůň

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 訓読み, kun'yomi, literally "meaning reading" (i.e. pronunciation based on meaning).

Noun[edit]

kun (uncountable)

  1. In the Japanese language, the pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character as a native Japanese word that means what the character represents, contrasted with on.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kun

  1. genitive plural of kuna

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Older ikkun, a contraction of Old Danish ække uten (nothing but), from Old Norse ekki (not) and útan (without, except).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kun

  1. only

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kʏn/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

kun

  1. second-person singular present indicative of kunnen
    Kun jij iets doen voor mij?
    Can you do something for me?

Usage notes[edit]

As is usual in Dutch, the -t is dropped when the pronoun jij / je immediately follows the verb. However, unlike for all other verbs, the form that results is not identical to the first-person singular, which is kan. The form kan is also frequently used, by analogy with regular verbs, but it may be considered nonstandard by some.

Synonyms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum; Italian, Spanish con

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kun/
  • Hyphenation: kun

Preposition[edit]

kun

  1. in the company of, with
  2. in addition to
  3. characteristic considered separately from the whole
    • (Can we date this quote by L. L. Zamenhof and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Vorto dirita en ĝusta tempo estas kiel oraj pomoj kun arĝentaj ŝeloj.
      A word said at the right time is like golden apples with silver skins.

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index ku)

Etymology[edit]

The singular instructive case of kuka, from Proto-Uralic *ku-. Originally a lesser used variant of kuin; modern differences between the two were introduced when the language was standardized.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkun/, [ˈkun]
  • Rhymes: -un
  • Syllabification: kun

Conjunction[edit]

kun

  1. when, as (temporal: at the same time or instant that)
    Sain viestisi, kun olin jo matkalla lentokentälle.
    I got your message when I was already on my way to the airport.
    Hän ilmestyi antamaan ohjeita, kun olin jo saanut työn valmiiksi.
    He showed up to give instructions when I had already finished the job.
  2. often with the clitic -han to express that the event of the main clause takes place immediately after that of the subclause: as soon as
    Tulen tapaamaan sinua, kun(han) saan tämän valmiiksi.
    I will come to see you as soon as I finish this job.
  3. because, since
    Hän menetti työpaikkansa, kun tuli aina myöhässä.
    She lost her job because she was always late.
    En voi tulla huomenna, minulla kun on aamuvuoro.
    I cannot come tomorrow as I have the morning shift.
  4. Short for kunpa.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kun

  1. (relative, colloquial) that, who, which, where
    Täällä on eräs mies, kun haluaisi tavata johtajaa.
    Täällä on eräs mies, joka haluaisi tavata johtajaa. (standard)
    There's somebody here who'd like to see the boss.
    Synonym: joka

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈkun]
  • Hyphenation: kun
  • Rhymes: -un

Noun[edit]

kun (plural kunok)

  1. Cuman (member of a nomadic Turkic people of central Asia)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kun kunok
accusative kunt kunokat
dative kunnak kunoknak
instrumental kunnal kunokkal
causal-final kunért kunokért
translative kunná kunokká
terminative kunig kunokig
essive-formal kunként kunokként
essive-modal
inessive kunban kunokban
superessive kunon kunokon
adessive kunnál kunoknál
illative kunba kunokba
sublative kunra kunokra
allative kunhoz kunokhoz
elative kunból kunokból
delative kunról kunokról
ablative kuntól kunoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kuné kunoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kunéi kunokéi
Possessive forms of kun
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kunom kunjaim
2nd person sing. kunod kunjaid
3rd person sing. kunja kunjai
1st person plural kununk kunjaink
2nd person plural kunotok kunjaitok
3rd person plural kunjuk kunjaik

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

kun

  1. with
    Ilu iris kun elu a la parko.
    He went with her to the park.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くん

Kavalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hokkien (kûn, skirt).

Noun[edit]

kun

  1. pants; trousers
  2. skirt; sarong

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kùn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kun

  1. only

Novial[edit]

Preposition[edit]

kun

  1. with (in the company of)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kun f

  1. genitive plural of kuna

Southeastern Tepehuan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *kuna.

Noun[edit]

kun (third person singular possession kunaaꞌn)

  1. husband

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[1] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 115

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic кун
Roman kun
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *gün.

Noun[edit]

kun (plural kunlar)

  1. day
  2. sun

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kun (nominative plural kuns)

  1. cow

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • kunül (cow calf, female calf)

Related terms[edit]


Wik-Mungkan[edit]

Noun[edit]

kun

  1. excrement, faeces, shit

Synonyms[edit]


Yámana[edit]

Noun[edit]

kun

  1. oil