oil

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See also: óil, òil, oïl, and -oil

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

  • oyl (obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

Middle English oile ‎(olive oil), from Anglo-Norman olie, from Latin oleum ‎(oil, olive oil), from Ancient Greek ἔλαιον ‎(élaion, olive oil), from ἐλαία ‎(elaía, olive). More at olive. Supplanted Old English æle, also from Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

oil ‎(countable and uncountable, plural oils)

  1. Liquid fat.
  2. Petroleum-based liquid used as fuel or lubricant.
    • 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices). It was used to make kerosene, the main fuel for artificial lighting after overfishing led to a shortage of whale blubber.
  3. An oil painting.
    • 1973, John Ulric Nef, Search for meaning: the autobiography of a nonconformist (page 89)
      Yet, in another way, I was unable to put Picasso's oils in the same class as Cezanne's, or even (which will no doubt shock many readers) as Renoir's.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

oil ‎(third-person singular simple present oils, present participle oiling, simple past and past participle oiled)

  1. (transitive) To lubricate with oil.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23:
      Before they went to see Glinda, however, they were taken to a room of the Castle, where Dorothy washed her face and combed her hair, and the Lion shook the dust out of his mane, and the Scarecrow patted himself into his best shape, and the Woodman polished his tin and oiled his joints.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 17, in The China Governess[1]:
      The face which emerged was not reassuring.  [] . He was not a mongol but there was a deficiency of a sort there, and it was not made more pretty by a latter-day hair cut which involved eccentrically long elf-locks and oiled black curls.
  2. (transitive) To grease with oil for cooking.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ail, oil ‎(disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching; blemish, defect).

Noun[edit]

oil f ‎(genitive singular oile)

  1. (literary) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching
  2. (literary) blemish, defect
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ailid, oilid ‎(nourishes, rears, fosters) (compare altram ‎(fosterage), from a verbal noun of ailid).

Verb[edit]

oil ‎(present analytic oileann, future analytic oilfidh, verbal noun oiliúint, past participle oilte)

  1. (transitive) nourish, rear, foster
    Proverb: Gach dalta mar a oiltear.‎ ― Every fosterling as it is reared.
  2. (transitive) train, educate
    lámh oilte‎ ― practised hand
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

oil f ‎(genitive singular oileach, nominative plural oileacha)

  1. Alternative form of ail ‎(stone, rock)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

oil ‎(present analytic oileann, future analytic oilfidh, verbal noun oiliúint, past participle oilte)

  1. (intransitive) Alternative form of oir ‎(suit, fit, become)
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
oil n-oil hoil t-oil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A contraction of o il, from Vulgar Latin *hoc ille ‎(thus he...),[1] or perhaps rather hoc illud est, an elliptical phrase of response, by semantic erosion.

Cognate to Old Provençal oc (Occitan òc), where the connection to Latin hoc is clearer.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • oïl (almost always used by scholars to disambiguate with other meanings)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

oil

  1. yes

Interjection[edit]

oil

  1. yes

Descendants[edit]

  • French: oui
  • Norman: oui (Guernsey)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Languages Within Language, by Ivan Fonagy, page 66

Etymology 2[edit]

See ueil.

Noun[edit]

oil m ‎(oblique plural ouz or oilz, nominative singular ouz or oilz, nominative plural oil)

  1. Alternative form of ueil

Simeulue[edit]

Noun[edit]

oil

  1. water
  2. sap

References[edit]

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary