ἔλαιον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier ἔλαιϝον ‎(élaiwon), identical to the modern Cypriot form. Compare ἐλαία ‎(elaía, olive).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἔλαιον ‎(élaionn ‎(genitive ἐλαίου); second declension

  1. olive oil, commonly used as an anointing oil
    • Homer, Iliad 10.577
      τὼ δὲ λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ / δείπνῳ ἐφιζανέτην, []
      • 1924 translation by A. T. Murray
        But when the twain had bathed and anointed them richly with oil, they sate them down at supper, []
  2. any oily substance
  3. (at Athens) the oil market

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • oil in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911