ἔλαιον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *élaiwon, identical to the modern Cypriot form. Compare ἐλαία (elaía, olive).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /é.lai̯.on/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.lɛ.on/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈe.lɛ.on/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈe.le.on/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈe.le.on/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἔλαιον (élaionn (genitive ἐλαίου); second declension

    1. olive oil, commonly used as an anointing oil
      • Homer, Iliad 10.577
        τὼ δὲ λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ / δείπνῳ ἐφιζανέτην, []
        tṑ dè loessaménō kaì aleipsaménō líp᾽ elaíōi / deípnōi ephizanétēn, []
        • 1924 translation by A. T. Murray
          But when the twain had bathed and anointed them richly with oil, they sate them down at supper, []
    2. any oily substance
    3. (at Athens) the oil market

    Inflection[edit]

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