From Middle English enointen, anointen, borrowed from Old French enoint, past participle of enoindre (“to anoint”). Doublet of inunct.
anoint (third-person singular simple present anoints, present participle anointing, simple past and past participle anointed)
- (transitive) To smear or rub over with oil or an unctuous substance; also, to spread over, as oil.
- Synonym: salve
1697, Virgil, “The Sixth Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 403869432, line 315, page 371:
And Fragrant Oils the ſtiffen'd Limbs anoint.
- (transitive) To apply oil to or to pour oil upon, etc., as a sacred rite, especially for consecration.
- Synonym: salve
- (transitive, figuratively) To choose or nominate somebody for a leading or otherwise important position, especially formally or officially, or as an intended successor.
- (transitive, historical) To mark somebody as an official ruler, especially a king or queen, as a part of a religious ceremony.
to smear or rub over with oil or an unctuous substance
- Armenian: օծել (hy) (ōcel)
- Bulgarian: намазвам (bg) (namazvam), смазвам (bg) (smazvam)
- Catalan: ungir (ca)
- Mandarin: 塗油於 (zh), 涂油于 (zh) (túyóuyú)
- Nahuatl: ohza
- Czech: pomazat (cs) pf
- Dalmatian: jongar
- Dutch: zalven (nl)
- Egyptian: (gs)
- Finnish: voidella (fi)
- French: oindre (fr), enduire (fr), étaler (fr), étendre (fr)
- Galician: unxir (gl), untar (gl)
- German: ölen (de), schmieren (de), einreiben (de)
- Gothic: 𐍃𐌰𐌻𐌱𐍉𐌽 (salbōn)
- Greek: χρίω (el) (chrío), μυρώνω (el) (myróno), επαλείφω (el) (epaleífo)
- Ancient: χρίω (khríō)
- Hebrew: מָשַׁח (he) (masháẖ)
to apply oil to or to pour oil upon