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From Latin unguis. Compare Spanish uña.



ungo (accusative singular ungon, plural ungoj, accusative plural ungojn)

  1. nail, claw




  1. first-person singular present indicative of ungere


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *engʷ-. Cognates include Sanskrit अनक्ति (anakti, to oil, anoint), Vedic Sanskrit अञ्जस् (añjas, ointment, unguent)[1], Old Armenian օծ (ōc) and Proto-Germanic *ankwô.



ungō (present infinitive ungere, perfect active unxī, supine unctum); third conjugation

  1. I anoint, smear with oil.


   Conjugation of ungo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ungō ungis ungit ungimus ungitis ungunt
imperfect ungēbam ungēbās ungēbat ungēbāmus ungēbātis ungēbant
future ungam ungēs unget ungēmus ungētis ungent
perfect unxī unxistī unxit unximus unxistis unxērunt, unxēre
pluperfect unxeram unxerās unxerat unxerāmus unxerātis unxerant
future perfect unxerō unxeris unxerit unxerimus unxeritis unxerint
passive present ungor ungeris, ungere ungitur ungimur ungiminī unguntur
imperfect ungēbar ungēbāris, ungēbāre ungēbātur ungēbāmur ungēbāminī ungēbantur
future ungar ungēris, ungēre ungētur ungēmur ungēminī ungentur
perfect unctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect unctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect unctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ungam ungās ungat ungāmus ungātis ungant
imperfect ungerem ungerēs ungeret ungerēmus ungerētis ungerent
perfect unxerim unxerīs unxerit unxerīmus unxerītis unxerint
pluperfect unxissem unxissēs unxisset unxissēmus unxissētis unxissent
passive present ungar ungāris, ungāre ungātur ungāmur ungāminī ungantur
imperfect ungerer ungerēris, ungerēre ungerētur ungerēmur ungerēminī ungerentur
perfect unctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect unctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present unge ungite
future ungitō ungitō ungitōte unguntō
passive present ungere ungiminī
future ungitor ungitor unguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ungere unxisse unctūrus esse ungī unctus esse unctum īrī
participles ungēns unctūrus unctus ungendus

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  1. ^ “ungere” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2



ungo (u class, plural nyungo)

  1. winnower (fan for winnowing)