fat

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Fat, FAT, fát, fāt, făt, fät, and Fät

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 FAT on Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A fat cat

From Middle English fat, from Old English fǣtt (fatted, fat), from Proto-West Germanic *faitid (fatted), originally the past participle of the verb *faitijan (to make fat), from *fait (fat).

Adjective[edit]

fat (comparative fatter, superlative fattest)

  1. Carrying more fat than usual on one's body; plump; not lean or thin.
    The fat man had trouble getting through the door.
    The fattest pig should yield the most meat.
    • 1932, New Orleans (La.) Board of Health, Vox Sanitatis
      While Hennessey is pouring the milk, the fat guy with the big pot-belly, will come over and write a lot of junk in his little book.
    • 2014, Isabel Quintero, Gabi, a Girl in Pieces, Cinco Puntos Press (→ISBN), page 46:
      Because, really, who would like the fat girl? Sebastian said I was crazy for thinking that.
  2. Thick.
    The fat wallets of the men from the city brought joy to the peddlers.
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803:
      So this was my future home, I thought! [] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
  3. Bountiful.
  4. Oily; greasy; unctuous; rich (said of food).
  5. (obsolete) Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal; coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.
  6. Fertile; productive.
    a fat soil; a fat pasture
  7. Rich; producing a large income; desirable.
    a fat benefice; a fat office;  a fat job
    • 1882, Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences
      now parson of Troston, a fat living in Suffolk
  8. Abounding in riches; affluent; fortunate.
    • 1698, Robert South, Twelve Sermons upon Several Subjects and Occasions:
      , "Why Christ's Doctrine was Rejected"
      persons grown fat and wealthy by a long and successful imposture
  9. (dated, printing) Of a character which enables the compositor to make large wages; said of matter containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.
    a fat take; a fat page
  10. (golf) Being a shot in which the ground is struck before the ball.
    • 1992, DeDe Owens, ‎Linda K. Bunker, Advanced Golf: Steps to Success (page 81)
      Hitting a thin shot from a fairway bunker is more productive than hitting a fat shot.
  11. (theater) Of a role: significant; major; meaty.
    • 1965, Edmund Fuller, A Pageant of the Theatre (page 131)
      He is what the theatre calls a “fat” role — a man suddenly confronted by a terrible duty. He is called upon to revenge the murder of his father and to right a wrong against the state.
    • 1997, Harold Clurman, On Directing (page 12)
      He seeks a fat role in a hit show, lest he diminish his market value.
    • 2012, Greg Robinson, ‎Larry S. Tajiri, Pacific Citizens (page 9)
      Joe Hirakawa, formerly of the Seattle Civic Repertory Theatre, was a waterfront peddler in “Madame Butterfly” and had a fat role in “Beauty Parlor,” an indie.
  12. Alternative form of phat (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Sranan Tongo: fatu
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

fat (usually uncountable, plural fats)

  1. (uncountable) A specialized animal tissue with a high oil content, used for long-term storage of energy.
  2. (countable) A refined substance chemically resembling the oils in animal fat.
    • 2018, Kristin Lawless, Formerly known as food, →ISBN, page 32:
      In fact, the fats that are most stable and least likely to oxidize with heat are the highly saturated fats we've long been told to avoid—lard, tallow, butter, and coconut and palm oils.
  3. That part of an organization deemed wasteful.
    We need to trim the fat in this company
  4. (slang) An erection.
    I saw Daniel crack a fat.
  5. (golf) A poorly played shot where the ball is struck by the top part of the club head. (see also thin, shank, toe)
  6. The best or richest productions; the best part.
    to live on the fat of the land
  7. (dated, printing) Work containing much blank, or its equivalent, and therefore profitable to the compositor.
  8. (informal) A fat person.
    • 1996, Roger Stone, "Local Swing Fever", highlighted by National Enquirer in September 1996 and Daily Mail in January 2019
      Prefer military, bodybuilders, jocks. No smokers or fats please.
  9. A beef cattle fattened for sale.
    • 1934, Henry G. Lamond, An Aviary On The Plains, page 7:
      Before riding over to the fats we'll have a look about us.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

fat (third-person singular simple present fats, present participle fatting, simple past and past participle fatted)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make fat; to fatten.
  2. (intransitive, archaic) To become fat; to fatten.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English fæt (vat, vessel, jar, cup, casket, division), from Proto-Germanic *fatą (vessel), from Proto-Indo-European *pod- (vessel). Cognate with Dutch vat (barrel, vessel), German Fass (barrel, drum), Swedish fat (barrel, dish, cask). See vat.

Noun[edit]

fat (plural fats)

  1. (obsolete) A large tub or vessel for water, wine, or other liquids; a cistern.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Joel 2:24, column 1:
      And the floores ſhall bee full of wheate, and the fats ſhall ouerflowe with wine and oyle.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 429:
      In 1431 New College purchases brewing vessels, under the names of a mash fat, for 6s. 10d., a wort fat for 2s., a 'Gilleding' tub for 2s. 6d., and two tunning barrels at 8d. each, a leaden boiler for 24s., another for 12s., and a great copper beer pot for 13s. 4d.
  2. (obsolete) A dry measure, generally equal to nine bushels.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fātum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat m (indefinite plural fate, definite singular fat, definite plural fatet)

  1. luck
  2. chance
    Synonym: shans, rast, mundësi
  3. fate
  4. destiny
  5. spouse

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 211

Buli (Indonesia)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Halmahera-Cenderawasih *pat, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *pat, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

fat

  1. four

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin fātum.

Noun[edit]

fat m (uncountable)

  1. fate, destiny
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin fatuus.

Adjective[edit]

fat (feminine fada, masculine plural fats, feminine plural fades)

  1. bland, insipid
    Synonym: insuls
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fat

  1. clear, transparent

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French fat (conceited; dandy), from Latin fatuus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat m (plural fatten or fats, diminutive fatje n)

  1. dandy, a man obsessed with his looks
    Synonyms: dandy, pronker, saletjonker

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan fat, from Latin fatuus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fat (feminine singular fate, masculine plural fats, feminine plural fates)

  1. conceited

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin factus.

Verb[edit]

fat

  1. past participle of

Adjective[edit]

fat

  1. done, made
  2. ripe

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin factum.

Noun[edit]

fat m (plural fats)

  1. fact, deed

Related terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fat, from Proto-Germanic *fatą, from Proto-Indo-European *pod-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat n (genitive singular fats, nominative plural föt)

  1. vat
  2. item of clothing

Declension[edit]


Kowiai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

fat

  1. four

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat m (plural fac)

  1. fact

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fat m (feminine singular fata, masculine plural fats, feminine plural fates)

  1. done

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fat

Noun[edit]

fat n (definite singular fatet, indefinite plural fat or fater, definite plural fata or fatene)

  1. plate, dish
  2. barrel, drum, cask

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse fat, Proto-Germanic *fatą.

Noun[edit]

fat n (definite singular fatet, indefinite plural fat, definite plural fata)

  1. plate, dish
  2. barrel, drum, cask
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

fat

  1. imperative of fata and fate

References[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *fait. Cognates include Old Saxon *fēt and Old Norse feitr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat m

  1. fat

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fatą.

Noun[edit]

fat n

  1. vessel, cup

Declension[edit]



Slavomolisano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian fatto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat m

  1. story
    • 2010, Rino John Gliosca, “Bonifacio en Amérique”:
      Drugi fat ka vami hočam povidat je do jenga čeljada ka sa zovaša Bonifač.
      Another story that I want to tell you is about a person who was called Bonifacio.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Breu, W., Mader Skender, M. B. & Piccoli, G. 2013. Oral texts in Molise Slavic (Italy): Acquaviva Collecroce. In Adamou, E., Breu, W., Drettas, G. & Scholze, L. (eds.). 2013. EuroSlav2010: Elektronische Datenbank bedrohter slavischer Varietäten in nichtslavophonen Ländern Europas – Base de données électronique de variétés slaves menacées dans des pays européens non slavophones. Konstanz: Universität / Paris: Lacito (Internet Publication).

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fat, from Proto-Germanic *fatą, from Proto-Indo-European *pod-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat n

  1. saucer; a small dish
  2. plate (serving dish)
  3. barrel (oil or wine), cask, keg (beer)
  4. barrel; a unit of volume. Usually referring to the oil barrel of 158.9873 liters

Declension[edit]

Declension of fat 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fat fatet fat faten
Genitive fats fatets fats fatens

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]


Tboli[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

fat

  1. four

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Vater or English father.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fat (nominative plural fats)

  1. father

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Wolof[edit]

Verb[edit]

fat

  1. to shelter

References[edit]

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN, page 19


Yamdena[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

fat

  1. four