plump

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See also: Plump

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /plʌmp/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English plump, plompe, a borrowing from Middle Dutch plomp or Middle Low German plump.

Adjective[edit]

plump (comparative plumper or more plump, superlative plumpest or most plump)

  1. Having a full and rounded shape; chubby, somewhat overweight.
    a plump baby; plump cheeks
    • 1651, Thomas Carew, To my friend G. N. from Wrest
      The god of wine did his plump clusters bring.
    • 2015, Anton Chekhov, The Life and Genius of Anton Chekhov: Letters, Diary, Reminiscences and Biography: Assorted Collection of Autobiographical Writings of the Renowned Russian Author and Playwright of Uncle Vanya, The Cherry Orchard, The Three Sisters and The Seagull, e-artnow (→ISBN)
      My ideal is to be idle and to love a plump girl.
    • 1956, Delano Ames, chapter 23, in Crime out of Mind:
      He was a plump little man and we had been walking uphill at a pace—set by him—far too rapid for his short legs. He breathed stertorously, and half the drops which glimmered on his rotund face were not rain but sweat.
  2. Fat.
  3. Sudden and without reservation; blunt; direct; downright.
    • 1898, George Saintsbury, A Short History of English Literature
      After the plump statement that the author was at Erceldoune and spake with Thomas.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

plump (third-person singular simple present plumps, present participle plumping, simple past and past participle plumped)

  1. (intransitive) To grow plump; to swell out.
    Her cheeks have plumped.
  2. (transitive) To make plump; to fill (out) or support; often with up.
    to plump oysters or scallops by placing them in fresh or brackish water
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, James Nichols, editor, The Church History of Britain, [], volume (please specify |volume=I to III), new edition, London: [] [James Nichols] for Thomas Tegg and Son, [], published 1837, OCLC 913056315:
      to plump up the hollowness of their history with improbable miracles
  3. (transitive) To cast or let drop all at once, suddenly and heavily.
    to plump a stone into water
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, London: Chapman and Hall, [], OCLC 906152507:
      Although Miss Pross, through her long association with a French family, might have known as much of their language as of her own, if she had had a mind, she had no mind in that direction [] So her manner of marketing was to plump a noun-substantive at the head of a shopkeeper without any introduction in the nature of an article []
  4. (intransitive) To give a plumper (kind of vote).
  5. (transitive) To give (a vote), as a plumper.
  6. (transitive with for) To favor or decide in favor of something.
    • 2014, “Brazil in a nutshell”, in The Economist:
      A recent poll by the New York Times found that although most Brazilians plump for arch-rival Argentina as the team they most want to lose, the second-biggest group want Brazil itself to stumble.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English plumpen, akin to Middle Dutch plompen, Middle Low German plumpen, German plumpfen.

Verb[edit]

plump (third-person singular simple present plumps, present participle plumping, simple past and past participle plumped)

  1. (intransitive) To drop or fall suddenly or heavily, all at once.
    • September 24, 1712, The Spectator No. 492, letter from a prude
      Dulcissa plumps into a chair.
Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

plump

  1. Directly; suddenly; perpendicularly.

Noun[edit]

plump (plural plumps)

  1. The sound of a sudden heavy fall.
    • 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard:
      As she beheld her, poor Mrs. Mack's heart fluttered up to her mouth, and then dropped with a dreadful plump, into the pit of her stomach.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English plump.

Noun[edit]

plump (plural plumps)

  1. (obsolete) A knot or cluster; a group; a crowd.
    a plump of trees, fowls, or spears
  2. A group of geese flying close together.

References[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plump (strong nominative masculine singular plumper, comparative plumper, superlative am plumpsten or (uncommon) am plumpesten)

  1. crude, clumsy
  2. squat, stumpy

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plump” in Duden online
  • plump” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plump f (genitive singular plumpa, nominative plural plumpanna)

  1. Cois Fharraige form of plimp

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
plump phlump bplump
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plump

  1. big and awkward
  2. base, vulgar

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plump (comparative plumpare, superlative plumpast)

  1. (possibly unintentionally) offensive due to lacking tact; rude, vulgar, tactless
    Komikern var kul i början, men när han gjorde sig lustig över utseendet hos killen i publiken blev det plumpt
    The comedian started out funny, but when he made fun of the looks of the guy in the audience it stopped being funny

Declension[edit]

Inflection of plump
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular plump plumpare plumpast
Neuter singular plumpt plumpare plumpast
Plural plumpa plumpare plumpast
Masculine plural3 plumpe plumpare plumpast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 plumpe plumpare plumpaste
All plumpa plumpare plumpaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Noun[edit]

plump c

  1. a blot (of ink)
    Synonym: bläckplump (inkblot)

Declension[edit]

Declension of plump 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plump plumpen plumpar plumparna
Genitive plumps plumpens plumpars plumparnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]