- chaunce (obsolete)
- IPA(key): /t͡ʃæns/
- IPA(key): /t͡ʃɑːns/
- (Received Pronunciation, Cockney) IPA(key): [t͡ʃʰɑːns]
- (New Zealand) IPA(key): [t͡ʃʰɐːns]
- (Indian English) IPA(key): [t͡ʃɑːns]
- Rhymes: -ɑːns, -æns
From Middle English chance, cheance, chaunce, cheaunce, a borrowing from Old French cheance (“accident, chance, luck”), from Vulgar Latin *cadentia (“falling”), from Latin cadere (“to fall, to die, to happen, occur”). Doublet of cadence and cadenza.
chance (countable and uncountable, plural chances)
- (countable) An opportunity or possibility.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- Here was my chance. I took the old man aside, and two or three glasses of Old Crow launched him into reminiscence.
- We had the chance to meet the president last week.
- 1965 March 15, Johnson, Lyndon B., Special Message to the Congress: The American Promise [on the Voting Rights Act], 3/15/65. MP506., Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, 42:30 from the start:
- It never even occurred to me in my fondest dreams that I might have the chance to help the sons and daughters of those students and to help people like them all over this country.
But now I do have that chance, and I'll let you in on a secret: I mean to use it.
- (uncountable) Random occurrence; luck.
- Why leave it to chance when a few simple steps will secure the desired outcome?
- (countable) The probability of something happening.
- There is a 30 percent chance of rain tomorrow.
- (in plural as chances) probability; possibility.
- 1908, Young, Ernest, “Chapter 4 The children”, in Peeps at Many Lands: Siam, London: Adam and Charles Black, page 16:
- Sometimes the name is changed because it is thought to be unlucky. If "Chua" is ill, the chances are that there are certain spirits who do not like his name, so the parents alter his name to "Mee," or something else, and then he gets well again.
- (countable, archaic) What befalls or happens to a person; their lot or fate.
- 1795, Southey, Robert, The Soldier's Wife:
- Wild-visag'd Wanderer! ah for thy heavy chance!
- (random occurrence): fortune, hap; see also Thesaurus:luck
- bechance (adverb)
- blow one's chance
- Buckley's chance
- by any chance
- by chance
- cat in hell's chance
- chance acquaintance
- chance card
- chance'd be a fine thing
- chance fracture
- chances are
- chance the ducks
- chance would be a fine thing
- Chinaman's chance
- Come By Chance
- dog's chance
- even chance
- fair chance
- fat chance
- fighting chance
- first-chance exception
- game of chance
- half a chance
- happy chance
- in with a chance
- jump at the chance
- last chance
- last chance saloon
- main chance
- mum chance
- no chance
- not a chance
- off chance/off-chance
- on the off chance
- outside chance
- second chance
- shutter chance
- slim chance
- smart chance
- snowball's chance
- snowball's chance in heck
- snowball's chance in hell
- snowflake's chance in hell
- sporting chance
- stand a chance
- take a chance
- take one's chance
- → Japanese: チャンス
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
chance (not comparable)
- Happening by chance, casual.
- 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, London: Chapman and Hall, […], →OCLC:
- No crowd was about the door; no people were discernible at any of the many windows; not even a chance passer-by was in the street. An unnatural silence and desertion reigned there.
- 1919, W[illiam] Somerset Maugham, chapter II, in The Moon and Sixpence, [New York, N.Y.]: Grosset & Dunlap Publishers […], →OCLC:
- Heaven knows what pains the author has been at, what bitter experiences he has endured and what heartache suffered, to give some chance reader a few hours' relaxation or to while away the tedium of a journey.
chance (not comparable)
From Middle English chancen, chauncen, from the noun (see above).
chance (third-person singular simple present chances, present participle chancing, simple past and past participle chanced)
- (archaic, intransitive) To happen by chance, to occur.
- It chanced that I found a solution the very next day.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], →OCLC, Deuteronomy 22:6:
- if a bird's nest chance to be before thee
- 1843 April, Thomas Carlyle, “ch. XV, Practical — Devotional”, in Past and Present, American edition, Boston, Mass.: Charles C[offin] Little and James Brown, published 1843, →OCLC, book II (The Ancient Monk):
- Once […] it chanced that Geoffrey Riddell Bishop of Ely, a Prelate rather troublesome to our Abbot, made a request of him for timber from his woods towards certain edifices going on at Glemsford.
- 1847 October 16, Currer Bell [pseudonym; Charlotte Brontë], chapter XVIII, in Jane Eyre. An Autobiography. […], volume (please specify |volume=I to III), London: Smith, Elder, and Co., […], →OCLC:
- Mr. Mason, shivering as some one chanced to open the door, asked for more coal to be put on the fire, which had burnt out its flame, though its mass of cinder still shone hot and red. The footman who brought the coal, in going out, stopped near Mr. Eshton's chair, and said something to him in a low voice, of which I heard only the words, "old woman,"—"quite troublesome."
- (archaic, transitive) To befall; to happen to.
- 1826, William Lambarde, A Perambulation of Kent:
- […] while the King and Godwine sate at the table, accompanied with others of the nobilitie, it chanced the cupbearer (as he brought wine to the bourd) to slip with the one foote, and yet by good strength of his other leg, to recover himselfe without falling […]
- To try or risk.
- Shall we carry the umbrella, or chance a rainstorm?
- 1890, William Dean Howells, A Hazard of New Fortunes:
- He does chance it in stocks, but he's always played on the square, if you call stocks gambling.
- To discover something by chance.
- c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i]:
- I chanced on this letter.
- He chanced upon a kindly stranger who showed him the way.
- (Belize) To rob, cheat or swindle someone.
- The car broke down a week after I bought it. I was chanced by that fast-talking salesman.
- 2017 March 22, Jules Vasquez, “Shyne Urges Artists To Protest Against Businesses Countrywide”, in 7 News Belize:
- Be prepared to engage in protests of all businesses nationwide who are violating the copyright act and chancing our members.
- (to happen) come to pass, occur, transpire; See also Thesaurus:happen
- (to happen to)
- (to try) test
- (to discover something) come across, come on, come upon, encounter, stumble upon
- (to cheat someone) deceive, fool, trick; See also Thesaurus:deceive
- “chance”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “chance”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
Borrowed from French chance, from Vulgar Latin *cadentia (“falling”), from Latin cadō (“I fall, I die”).
chance c (singular definite chancen, plural indefinite chancer)
- A chance
Inherited from Old French cheance (“accident, chance, luck”), from Vulgar Latin *cadentia (“falling”), from Latin cadēns, from cadō (“fall”). Doublet of cadence, a borrowing from Italian.
chance f (plural chances)
- → Breton: chañs
- → Bulgarian: шанс (šans)
- → Czech: šance
- → Danish: chance
- → Dutch: sjans
- → German: Chance
- → Esperanto: ŝanco
- → Estonian: šanss
- → Persian: شانس (šâns)
- → Irish: seans
- → Ido: chanco
- → Italian: chance
- → Norwegian: sjanse
- → Polish: szansa
- → Portuguese: chance
- → Luxembourgish: kans
- → Romanian: șansă
- → Russian: шанс (šans)
- → Serbo‐Croatian: šansa, шанса
- → Spanish: chance
- → Swedish: chans, chansa
- → Turkish: şans
- “chance”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
Borrowed from French chance. Doublet of cadenza.
chance f (invariable)
- chance (possibility of a certain outcome)
- Alternative form of chaunce
chance f (oblique plural chances, nominative singular chance, nominative plural chances)
- Alternative form of cheance
Borrowed from French chance. Doublet of cadência.
- Hyphenation: chan‧ce
chance f (plural chances)
- chance, opportunity
- Synonym: oportunidade
- ^ “chance” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2023.
- ^ “chance” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.
Borrowed from French chance or, in Mexico, from English chance. Doublet of cadencia.
- IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈt͡ʃanθe/ [ˈt͡ʃãn̟.θe]
- IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈt͡ʃanse/ [ˈt͡ʃãn.se]
- (Spain) Rhymes: -anθe
- (Latin America) Rhymes: -anse
- Syllabification: chan‧ce
chance m or f (plural chances)
- “chance”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
- English 1-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
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- Rhymes:English/ɑːns/1 syllable
- Rhymes:English/æns/1 syllable
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱh₂d-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
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- Rhymes:French/ɑ̃s/1 syllable
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- Spanish lemmas
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- Spanish nouns with multiple genders
- Spanish conjunctions
- Mexican Spanish