بخت

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Back-formed and simplified from a nisba-epitheted name, as it has also been called ⁧الْبَخْتَرِيّ(al-baḵtariyy)الْإِبِل الْخُرَاسَانِيَّة(al-ʔibil al-ḵurāsāniyya), ⁧الْجَمَل الْبُخَارِيّ(al-jamal al-buḵāriyy) etc., various connections made to Bactria, Balkh and Bukhara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بُخْت (buḵtm (collective, singulativeبُخْتِيّ⁩ m or f (buḵtiyy) orبُخْتِيَّة(buḵtiyya), pluralبَخَاتِيّ(baḵātiyy))

  1. a half-breed from a male Bactrian camel and a female dromedary
    • 7th century CE, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 37:190:
      رُؤُوسُهُنَّ كَأَسْنِمَةِ الْبُخْتِ الْمَائِلَةِ
      ruʔūsuhunna kaʔasnimati l-buḵti l-māʔilati
      Their heads are inclined like the humps of Bactrian dromedaries.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persianبخت(baxt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَخْت (baḵtm (pluralبُخُوت(buḵūt))

  1. luck
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Algerian Arabic: ⁧بخت(baḵt)
  • Egyptian Arabic: ⁧بخت(baḵt)
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧بخت(baḵt)
  • Omani Arabic: ⁧بخت(baḵt)
  • South Levantine Arabic: ⁧بخت(baḵt)

Khalaj[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَخت⁩ (baxt, bəxt) (definite accusativeبَختی or بَختؽ⁩, pluralبَختلَر or بَختلار⁩)

  1. Arabic spelling of baxt, bəxt (luck)

Declension[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persianبخت(baxt, luck, fortune), itself from Middle Persian [script needed] (b(ʾ)ht' /⁠baxt⁠/, fortune, luck).

Noun[edit]

بخت (baht)

  1. fortune, chance, the arrival of something in an unexpected manner
    Synonyms:طالع(taliʼ), ⁧قسمت(kismet)
  2. luck, fortune, something favorable that happens to someone by chance
    Synonyms:اوغور(uğur), ⁧حظ(hazz), ⁧دولت(devlet), ⁧طالع(taliʼ), ⁧قوت(kut)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (b(ʾ)ht' /⁠baxt⁠/, fortune, luck), from Proto-Iranian *bagta- (assigned, allotted; fate), a lexicalized past participle ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g- (to distribute); see there for further information.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? baxt
Dari reading? baxt
Iranian reading? baxt
Tajik reading? baxt

Noun[edit]

بخت (baxt)

  1. fortune, prosperity, felicity, happiness
  2. luck (good or bad)
  3. horoscope, nativity, planet, constellation
  4. nightmare
  5. kind of locust

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]