wagen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Wagen, wägen, and Wägen

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋaːɣə(n)/
  • Rhymes: -aːɣən
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-.

Noun[edit]

wagen m (plural wagens, diminutive wagentje n)

  1. wagon, carriage
    Synonyms: kar, wagon
  2. (mainly the diminutive) cart
    Synonym: kar
  3. automobile, car, van
    Synonyms: auto, automobiel, kar
  4. sled, moving platform on wheels or rails a heavy machine etc. is mounted on
  5. (metonymically) A load filling one of the above vehicles
    Synonym: wagenlading
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch wagen. Cognate with German wagen.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb[edit]

wagen

  1. (intransitive) to venture, take risks
  2. (transitive) to dare, presume
  3. (transitive) to risk, to jeopardize
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of wagen (weak)
infinitive wagen
past singular waagde
past participle gewaagd
infinitive wagen
gerund wagen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular waag waagde
2nd person sing. (jij) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (u) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (gij) waagt waagde
3rd person singular waagt waagde
plural wagen waagden
subjunctive sing.1 wage waagde
subjunctive plur.1 wagen waagden
imperative sing. waag
imperative plur.1 waagt
participles wagend gewaagd
1) Archaic.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagon, from Proto-Germanic *wagōną.

Verb[edit]

wagen

  1. (transitive) to move
  2. (intransitive) to be moved, literally or figuratively in many senses
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of wagen (weak)
infinitive wagen
past singular waagde
past participle gewaagd
infinitive wagen
gerund wagen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular waag waagde
2nd person sing. (jij) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (u) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (gij) waagt waagde
3rd person singular waagt waagde
plural wagen waagden
subjunctive sing.1 wage waagde
subjunctive plur.1 wagen waagden
imperative sing. waag
imperative plur.1 waagt
participles wagend gewaagd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

wagen

  1. Plural form of waag

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wāgen, from Old High German wāga (scales, balance; weight), in the sense of to venture on a new object's weight. More at Waage.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wagen (third-person singular simple present wagt, past tense wagte, past participle gewagt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to venture, dare
  2. to risk, jeopardize

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz.

Noun[edit]

wāgen m

  1. wagon, cart
Inflection[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *wagon, from Proto-Germanic *wagōną.

Verb[edit]

wāgen

  1. to venture
Inflection[edit]
Weak
Infinitive wāgen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive wāgen
In genitive wāgens
In dative wāgene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular wāge
2nd singular wāechs, wāges
3rd singular wāecht, wāget
1st plural wāgen
2nd plural wāecht, wāget
3rd plural wāgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular wāge
2nd singular wāechs, wāges
3rd singular wāge
1st plural wāgen
2nd plural wāecht, wāget
3rd plural wāgen
Imperative Present
Singular wāech, wāge
Plural wāecht, wāget
Present Past
Participle wāgende
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From wâge +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

wâgen

  1. to weigh, to determine the weight of
Inflection[edit]
Weak
Infinitive wâgen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive wâgen
In genitive wâgens
In dative wâgene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular wâge
2nd singular wâechs, wâges
3rd singular wâecht, wâget
1st plural wâgen
2nd plural wâecht, wâget
3rd plural wâgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular wâge
2nd singular wâechs, wâges
3rd singular wâge
1st plural wâgen
2nd plural wâecht, wâget
3rd plural wâgen
Imperative Present
Singular wâech, wâge
Plural wâecht, wâget
Present Past
Participle wâgende
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • waghen (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • waghen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • waghen (IV)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • wagen (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • wagen (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • wagen (VI)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Northern French wagier; equivalent to wage +‎ -en (verbal suffix). Doublet of wedden.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wagen

  1. (transitive) To employ, use, or utilise a person.
  2. (transitive) To give an item or a person as security or as a guarantee.
  3. (transitive) To risk, potentially endanger.
  4. (transitive, rare) To promise to avoid.

Usage notes[edit]

In the term wagen batayle (probably from the sense "to risk"; i.e. "to risk battle"), the word approaches something similar to the sense of English (to) wage.

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]