werden

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Werden

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɛrdə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛrdən

Verb[edit]

werden

  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of worden

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wërden, from Old High German werdan, from Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną.

Cognate with Dutch worden, Swedish varda, obsolete English worth (to become) and also with Latin vertere (to turn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈveːrdən/, [ˈveːɐ̯.dn̩], [ˈvɛɐ̯-], [ʋ-], [-dən]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

werden (irregular, third-person singular present wird, past tense wurde or (archaic) ward, past participle geworden or (as an auxiliary) worden, past subjunctive würde, auxiliary sein)

  1. (auxiliary, with an infinitive, past participle geworden) will; to be going (to do something); forms the future tense
    Ich werde nach Hause gehen.
    I will go home.
  2. (auxiliary, with a past participle, past participle worden) to be done; forms the passive voice
    Das Buch wird gerade gelesen. (present tense)
    The book is being read.
    Ich wurde in Europa geboren (preterite tense)
    I was born in Europe.
    Er war geschlagen worden. (past perfect tense)
    He had been beaten.
  3. (copulative, past participle geworden) to become; to get; to grow; to turn
    Es wird heißer.
    It's getting hotter.
  4. (copulative, colloquial) to be, to happen, to occur (in the future)
    Wir werden zusammen glücklich.
    We will be happy together.
    Was wird aus mir?
    What will become of me?
  5. (colloquial) to be going to work
    Das wird so nichts.
    It will not work like that.
    Synonyms: klappen, funktionieren

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • werden” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch werthan, from Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

werden

  1. to become
  2. to happen, to occur
  3. to arise, to form

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive werden
3rd sg. past wart
3rd pl. past worden
Past participle geworden
Infinitive werden
In genitive werdens
In dative werdene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular werde wart
2nd singular werts, werdes worts, wordes
3rd singular wert, werdet wart
1st plural werden worden
2nd plural wert, werdet wort, wordet
3rd plural werden worden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular werde worde
2nd singular werts, werdes wordes
3rd singular werde worde
1st plural werden worden
2nd plural wert, werdet wordet
3rd plural werden worden
Imperative Present
Singular wert, werde
Plural wert, werdet
Present Past
Participle werdende geworden

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: worden
    • Afrikaans: word
  • Limburgish: waere

Further reading[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German werdan, from Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną. Cognate with Dutch worden and obsolete English worth (to become).

Verb[edit]

wërden

  1. to become

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon wērthan (to become), from Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Stem vowel: ê²
    • (originally) IPA(key): /wɛːrdən/ or IPA(key): /wærdən/
    • While the combination /rd/ originally lengthened the vowel in Old Saxon, in several Middle Low German dialects it was treated like a geminate, or had actually become /r/, and in turn shortened long vowels occurring before it. Further, the vowel was shortened before /rt/ from final obstruent devoicing. Dialects then often begun to apply the more common vowel length across all forms.

Verb[edit]

wêrden or werden

  1. to become
  2. auxiliary verb used to form the passive

Conjugation[edit]