worden

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See also: wörden

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch werden, from Old Dutch werthan, from Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wértti.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɔrdə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: wor‧den
  • Rhymes: -ɔrdən

Verb[edit]

worden

  1. (copulative) to become; to get; to grow; to turn
    Zij wilde altijd al lerares worden.She always wanted to become a teacher.
    Mijn broer wordt vandaag twintig.My brother is turning twenty today.
    Het wordt hier erg benauwd. Open de ramen alsjeblieft!It's getting very stuffy in here. Please open the windows!
  2. (transitive, auxiliary) Used to form the imperfect tense of the passive voice, together with a past participle.
    Ze worden gered.They are being saved.
    De muur werd geschilderd.The wall was being painted.
    De muur zal worden geschilderd.The wall will be painted. / The wall is going to be painted.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The perfect tense passive is formed using zijn, while worden matches English continuous constructions in meaning. Therefore, as in usage 2 above,
  1. Ze worden gered. translates to “They are being saved.”
  2. Ze werden gered. translates to “They were being saved.”
  3. Consequently, Ze zijn gered. and Ze waren gered. would be translated as “They have been saved.” and “They had been saved.” respectively.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of worden (strong class non-standard)
infinitive worden
past singular werd
past participle geworden
infinitive worden
gerund worden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular word werd
2nd person sing. (jij) wordt werd
2nd person sing. (u) wordt werd
2nd person sing. (gij) wordt werdt
3rd person singular wordt werd
plural worden werden
subjunctive sing.1 worde werde
subjunctive plur.1 worden werden
imperative sing. word
imperative plur.1 wordt
participles wordend geworden
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: word

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

worden

  1. past participle of werden

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in forming the perfect tense passive; in other cases, the past participle is geworden.
  • In older German, the above distinction was not always maintained, and worden could be used as the past participle for all senses.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

worden

  1. first/third-person plural past indicative/subjunctive of werden

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From word +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈwurdən/, /ˈwɔrdən/, /ˈwɔːrdən/

Verb[edit]

worden

  1. to speak (about)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

worden

  1. past participle of weorþan