become

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English becomen, bicumen, from Old English becuman ‎(to come, approach, arrive, enter, meet with, fall in with; happen, befall; befit), from Proto-Germanic *bikwemaną ‎(to come around, come about, come across, come by), equivalent to be- ‎(about, around) +‎ come. Cognate with Scots becum ‎(to come, arrive, reach a destination), North Frisian bekommen, bykommen ‎(to come by, obtain, receive), West Frisian bikomme ‎(to come by, obtain, receive), Dutch bekomen ‎(to come by, obtain, receive), German bekommen ‎(to get, receive, obtain), Swedish bekomma ‎(to receive, concern), Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐌺𐍅𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 ‎(bikwiman, to come upon one, befall). Sense of "befit, suit" due to influence from Middle English cweme, icweme, see queem. [script needed]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

become ‎(third-person singular simple present becomes, present participle becoming, simple past became or (nonstandard) becomed, past participle become)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To arrive, come (to a place). [9th-18thc.]
  2. (copulative) To come about; happen; come into being; arise. [from 12thc.]
    What became of him after he was let go?
  3. (copulative) begin to be; turn into. [from 12thc.]
    She became a doctor when she was 25.
    The weather will become cold after the sun goes down.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
      The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
    • 2012 May 13, Alistair Magowan, “Sunderland 0-1 Man Utd”, BBC Sport:
      Then, as the Sunderland fans' cheers bellowed around the stadium, United's title bid was over when it became apparent City had pinched a last-gasp winner to seal their first title in 44 years.
    • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7: 
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  4. (transitive) To be proper for; to befit. [from 13thc.]
    • 1930, Duff Cooper, Talleyrand, Folio Society, 2010, p.7:
      His ordination [] enabled him to be independent of his parents, and to afford a manner of living which became his rank rather than his calling.
  5. (transitive) Of an adornment, piece of clothing etc.: to look attractive on (someone). [from 14thc.]
    That dress really becomes you.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Statistics[edit]