virar

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Virar

Catalan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *virāre, probably from Latin vibrāre (in which case it is a doublet of vibrar). Other possibilities include an alteration of gȳrō (source of the synonym girar) or a derivation from Gaulish *viru (to deviate, veer off), itself derived from viros (round, crooked). Compare Italian virare, French virer.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

virar (first-person singular present viro, first-person singular preterite virí, past participle virat)

  1. (intransitive) to turn (to change one's direction of travel)
    Synonym: girar
  2. (intransitive, nautical) to tack
  3. (transitive) to turn (to change the direction or orientation of)
  4. (transitive, photography) to tone

Conjugation

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]

Galician

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Attested since the 15th century. Probably from Old French virer,[1] ultimately from Celtic, from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁y- (to twist).[2][3] Compare Breton gwar (curved), from Proto-Celtic *wēro- (crooked).[4] Alternatively from Vulgar Latin *virō, probably from Latin vibrō.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

virar (first-person singular present viro, first-person singular preterite virei, past participle virado)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to turn, rotate
    Synonym: xirar
    • 1432, Antonio Fernández Salgado, editor, A documentación medieval de San Bieito do Campo, Santiago: USC, page 74:
      prometemos de o teer, conprir e agardar e nõ virarmos contra elo
      we promise to keep [this deal], to fulfill it, and to don't turn against it
  2. (transitive) to turn upside down
  3. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to become; to alter in manner or appearance

Conjugation

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ Pensado, José Luis, Messner, Dieter (2003) “bira”, in Bachiller Olea: Vocabulos gallegos escuros: lo que quieren decir (Cadernos de Lingua: anexos; 7)‎[1], A Coruña: Real Academia Galega / Galaxia, →ISBN
  2. ^ Joan Coromines, José A. Pascual (1983–1991) “virar”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos
  3. ^ Grzega, Joachim (2001) Romania Gallica Cisalpina etymologisch-geolinguistische Studien zu den oberitalienisch-rätoromanischen Keltizismen[2], Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, →ISBN, page 260 – via De Gruyter.
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN

Occitan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Late Latin virō.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /biˈɾa/
  • Audio (Béarn):(file)

Verb

[edit]

virar

  1. to turn

Conjugation

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

Portuguese

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *virāre, from Latin gȳrāre or vibrāre.

Pronunciation

[edit]
 
 

Verb

[edit]

virar (first-person singular present viro, first-person singular preterite virei, past participle virado)

  1. (ergative) to turn (to change direction)
    Synonyms: tornar, volver, dobrar, torcer, curvar, converter
    No semáforo, vire à esquerda.At the traffic lights, turn left.
  2. (ergative) to turn around (to reverse direction)
    Synonyms: voltar, volver, girar, torcer, tornar
    Cheguei a segui-la por um tempo, mas, quando ela virou para mim, eu já não sabia o que dizer.I even followed her for a while, but, when she turned to me, I no longer knew what to say.
  3. (nautical, ergative) to capsize
    Synonyms: emborcar, entornar
  4. (ergative, of an opinion) to topple, to overturn
    Synonyms: mudar, alterar
  5. (transitive, of a drink) to drink up (to empty a recipient of the liquid therein by drinking it through)
    Synonym: matar
    E aí, vira uma dessa comigo?Whatcha say, drink up one of these with me?
  6. (ergative, of a stomach) to upset
    Synonyms: revirar, embrulhar
  7. (Brazil, colloquial, copulative) to become, to turn into, to transform, to convert
    Synonyms: tornar, transformar, converter
    Ela ter aparecido na TV fez com que ela virasse uma espécie de subcelebridade entre os amigos.Her appearing on TV made her becoming a sort of subcelebrity among her friends.
    O cara era o maior vida louca, sério, e ainda assim virou evangélico, do nada!The dude was a plain gangsta, really, and even so turned into a born-again Christian, all of a sudden!
  8. (Brazil, colloquial, reflexive) to make do, to deal with
    Synonyms: resolver, solucionar, lidar, fazer acontecer, encarar, enfrentar, desenrolar, matar no peito
    Ainda não sei muito bem como é que eu vou fazer, mas pode deixar que eu me viro assim mesmo.I still don't know how exactly I'm gonna make it, but don't worry, I'll handle it anyway.
  9. (Brazil, colloquial, reflexive) to get by, to make ends meet, to push forward
    Synonyms: lidar, aguentar, viver, sobreviver, subsistir
    Que é difícil, é, né? Mas Deus ajuda, e a gente vai se virando como pode.Yeah, it's difficult, that's right. But God helps, and we keep pushing forward as we can.
  10. (Brazil, colloquial, ergative) to pull an all-nighter, to stay awake all night
    Synonyms: virar a noite, passar a noite em claro, tresnoitar, transnoitar
    E aí, bora virar hoje jogando um Warzinho?So, how about we spend this night playing some Risk?
    A nenê chorou a noite inteira, e eu fui trabalhar virada.The baby cried all night long, and I went to work without having slept.
  11. (Brazil, colloquial, copulative, with preposition "em", chiefly of spiritual entities) to embody, to incarnate
    Synonyms: baixar, receber, incorporar, encarnar, transmutar
    Na Umbanda, até um branco pode virar num Preto-Velho.In Umbanda, even a White may receive an Old Black.
    Ontem eu acordei virado no JirayaYesterday I woke up super stressed (that is, inspired by the Japanese series Sekai Ninja Sen Jiraiya).
  12. (Brazil, colloquial, copulative, with preposition "em", chiefly of mental states) to strike, to stick, to infatuate
    Synonyms: encantar, arrebatar, enlevar, absorver, entregar
    Aquela mulher virou a cabeça dele.That woman blew his mind.
    Ele ficou virado no amor.He got stuck in love.

Conjugation

[edit]

Descendants

[edit]
  • Macanese: virâ

Further reading

[edit]

Spanish

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Perhaps from a Vulgar Latin root *virāre, of uncertain origin: possibly of Celtic; (compare Welsh gwyro) or possibly a variation of Latin vibrāre or gȳrāre. See also French virer, Italian virare.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /biˈɾaɾ/ [biˈɾaɾ]
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: vi‧rar

Verb

[edit]

virar (first-person singular present viro, first-person singular preterite viré, past participle virado)

  1. to veer
  2. (nautical) to tack

Conjugation

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]

Swedish

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

virar

  1. present indicative of vira