viro

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See also: Viro, viró, víro, virò, and viro-

Aromanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro m (plural viradz)

  1. whirlpool, vortex
    Synonym: vãltoari

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

viro

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of virar

Esperanto[edit]

Viro

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vir.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈviro]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -iro
  • Hyphenation: vi‧ro

Noun[edit]

viro (accusative singular viron, plural viroj, accusative plural virojn)

  1. man (adult male human)
    Coordinate terms: femino, virino
    Hypernyms: homo, persono

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See Viro.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋiro/, [ˈʋiro̞]
  • Rhymes: -iro
  • Syllabification(key): vi‧ro

Noun[edit]

viro

  1. Estonian (language)
    Synonyms: eesti, eestin kieli, viron kieli

Declension[edit]

Inflection of viro (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative viro
genitive viron
partitive viroa
illative viroon
singular plural
nominative viro
accusative nom. viro
gen. viron
genitive viron
partitive viroa
inessive virossa
elative virosta
illative viroon
adessive virolla
ablative virolta
allative virolle
essive virona
translative viroksi
instructive
abessive virotta
comitative
Possessive forms of viro (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person vironi viromme
2nd person virosi vironne
3rd person vironsa

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

viro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of virar

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto viro, from Latin vir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro (plural viri)

  1. man
    Synonym: homulo
    Coordinate term: muliero

Derived terms[edit]

  • virala (manly, virile)
  • vireso (manhood, manliness, virility)

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish viro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro

  1. (in the plural) Estonians
  2. (in the singular) Estonian language
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 3:
      Naapurikeeliin, suomen, viron ja vadjan keeliin kera iƶoran keeli ono siottu oman strukturan, fonettisen, äänisostavan, kautta, mut iƶoran keeleel ono suur yhtehös i karjalan keelen kera.
      The Ingrian language is related to its neighbouring languages, Finnish, Estonian and Votic, through [its] own structure, that of phonetics, the inventory of sounds, but the Ingrian language has a strong connection with the Karelian language, too.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As with other plural ethnonyms, the meaning may be better translated as "the Estonian language" in the genitive and translative singular:
    Viron keeli.Estonian language.
    Lukkia viroks.To read Estonian.

Declension[edit]

Declension of viro (type 4/koivu, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative viro virot
genitive viron virroin, viroloin
partitive virroa viroja, viroloja
illative virroo virroi, viroloihe
inessive viros virois, virolois
elative virost viroist, viroloist
allative virolle viroille, viroloille
adessive virol viroil, viroloil
ablative virolt viroilt, viroloilt
translative viroks viroiks, viroloiks
essive vironna, virroon viroinna, viroloinna, virroin, viroloin
exessive1) viront viroint, viroloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 669

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro (plural viros)

  1. man

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvi.ro/
  • Rhymes: -iro
  • Hyphenation: vì‧ro

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin virum (man), from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós.

Noun[edit]

viro m (plural viri)

  1. (poetic) man (a male adult)
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Paradiso, Le Monnier (2002), Canto XXIV, p. 432-433, vv. 34-36:
      Ed ella: «O luce etterna del gran viro ¶ a cui Nostro Segnor lasciò le chiavi, ¶ ch'ei portò giù, di questo gaudio miro, [...]»
      And she: «O light eterne of the great man ¶ to whom our Lord delivered up the keys ¶ he carried down of this miraculous joy, [...]»
    Synonyms: (archaic, regional) omo, uomo

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

viro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of virare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virō

  1. dative/ablative singular of vir

Noun[edit]

vīrō

  1. dative/ablative singular of vīrus

References[edit]


Paumarí[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro f

  1. parrot

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

viro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of virar; "I turn"

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbiɾo/ [ˈbi.ɾo]
  • Rhymes: -iɾo
  • Hyphenation: vi‧ro

Verb[edit]

viro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of virar

Teanu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vanikoro *virə, from Proto-Oceanic *piʀu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *biʀu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viro

  1. fan palm

References[edit]


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Finnish Viro, Estonian Viru.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luuditsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈviroː/, [ˈvirːo]
  • Rhymes: -iroː

Adjective[edit]

viro

  1. (not inflected) Estonian

Noun[edit]

viro

  1. Estonian (language)

Inflection[edit]

The following forms exist:

  • the genitive singular and partitive singular, both viro (except in dialects without reduction where they are viroo)
  • the translative singular virossi

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012), “viroo”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2 edition, Tallinn