virus

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See also: Virus, virüs, vírus, vīrus, vīruss, and -virus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin virus ‎(poison, slime, venom). First use in the computer context by David Gerrold in his 1972 book When HARLIE Was One.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus ‎(plural viruses or vira or viri or virii)

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

The virions that carry the Marburg virus
  1. (archaic) Venom, as produced by a poisonous animal etc.
  2. (pathology, microbiology, virology) A submicroscopic, non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, that requires a living host cell to replicate, and often causes disease in the host organism.
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193: 
      Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola.
    • 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 64)
      Viruses are the smallest and most simplified forms of life.
  3. A disease caused by these organisms.
    He caught a virus and had to stay home from school.
  4. (computing) A program which can covertly transmit itself between computers via networks (especially the Internet) or removable storage such as disks, often causing damage to systems and data; also computer virus.
Usage notes[edit]
  • virii is a nonstandard plural.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]



Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m

  1. virus

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • virus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • virus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus c, n ‎(singular definite virussen or virusset, plural indefinite virus or virusser or vira, plural definite virussene or virusserne or viraene)

  1. virus

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(plural virussen, diminutive virusje n)

  1. (microbiology) virus
  2. (computer science) virus

Descendants[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Like most Latin borrowings, this word kept its original Latin gender (neuter); it is one of the few words ending in -us which is not masculine.


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus

  1. virus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of virus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative virus virukset
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
illative virukseen viruksiin
singular plural
nominative virus virukset
accusative nom.? virus virukset
gen. viruksen
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
inessive viruksessa viruksissa
elative viruksesta viruksista
illative virukseen viruksiin
adessive viruksella viruksilla
ablative virukselta viruksilta
allative virukselleˣ viruksilleˣ
essive viruksena viruksina
translative virukseksi viruksiksi
instructive viruksin
abessive viruksetta viruksitta
comitative viruksineen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin virus ‎(poison, slime, venom).

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus (pathogen)
  2. computer virus

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m

  1. virus

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

Via rhotacism from Proto-Indo-European *wisos, *wīsos, *wiHsos. Cognates include Sanskrit विष ‎(víṣa), Ancient Greek ἰός ‎(iós), and Tocharian B wase.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīrus n ‎(genitive vīrī); second declension

  1. slimy liquid, slime
  2. poison, venom

Declension[edit]

Second declension neuter with nominative/accusative/vocative in -us.

Number Singular
nominative vīrus
genitive vīrī
dative vīrō
accusative vīrus
ablative vīrō
vocative vīrus
  • There is also the heteroclitic genitive singular vīrus.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Latin virus

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa or virusene)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin virus

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus n (plural virusuri)

  1. virus

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

vírus m (Cyrillic spelling ви́рус)

  1. (medicine) virus (DNA/RNA causing disease)
  2. (computing) computer virus

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus
  2. computer virus

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus n

  1. virus