virus

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See also: Virus, vírus, vīrus, vīruss, virüs, and -virus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus(poison, slime, venom). First use in the computer context by David Gerrold in his 1972 book When HARLIE Was One.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus ‎(countable and uncountable, plural viruses or viri or (proscribed) virii)

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

The virions that carry the Marburg virus
  1. (archaic) Venom, as produced by a poisonous animal etc.
  2. (pathology, microbiology, virology) A submicroscopic, non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, that requires a living host cell to replicate, and often causes disease in the host organism.
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
      Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola.
    • 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 64)
      Viruses are the smallest and most simplified forms of life.
  3. A disease caused by these organisms.
    He caught a virus and had to stay home from school.
  4. (computing) A program which can covertly transmit itself between computers via networks (especially the Internet) or removable storage such as disks, often causing damage to systems and data; also computer virus.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m

  1. virus

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • virus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • virus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus c, n ‎(singular definite virussen or virusset, plural indefinite virus or virusser or vira, plural definite virussene or virusserne or viraene)

  1. virus

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vi‧rus

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(plural virussen, diminutive virusje n)

  1. (microbiology) virus
  2. (computer science) virus

Usage notes[edit]

Like most Latin borrowings, this word kept its original Latin gender (neuter); it is one of the few words ending in -us which is not masculine.

Descendants[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus

  1. virus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of virus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative virus virukset
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
illative virukseen viruksiin
singular plural
nominative virus virukset
accusative nom. virus virukset
gen. viruksen
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
inessive viruksessa viruksissa
elative viruksesta viruksista
illative virukseen viruksiin
adessive viruksella viruksilla
ablative virukselta viruksilta
allative virukselle viruksille
essive viruksena viruksina
translative virukseksi viruksiksi
instructive viruksin
abessive viruksetta viruksitta
comitative viruksineen

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus(poison, slime, venom).

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus (pathogen)
  2. computer virus

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m

  1. virus

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

Via rhotacism from Proto-Indo-European *wisos, *wīsos, *wiHsos ("fluidity, slime, poison"). Cognates include Sanskrit विष(víṣa), Ancient Greek ἰός(iós), and Tocharian B wase.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīrus n ‎(genitive vīrī); second declension

  1. slimy liquid, slime
  2. poison, venom

Declension[edit]

Second declension, nominative/accusative/vocative in -us.

Case Singular
nominative vīrus
genitive vīrī
dative vīrō
accusative vīrus
ablative vīrō
vocative vīrus
  • There is also the heteroclitic genitive singular vīrus.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • virus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • virus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VIRUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to vent one's anger, spite on some one: virus acerbitatis suae effundere in aliquem (De Amic. 23. 87)
    • (ambiguous) many learned men; many scholars: multi viri docti, or multi et ii docti (not multi docti)
    • (ambiguous) to separate (of the woman): repudium remittere viro (Dig. 24. 3)
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)
  • virus in William Smith., editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa or virusene)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French virus, Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus n ‎(plural virusuri)

  1. virus

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

vírus m ‎(Cyrillic spelling ви́рус)

  1. (medicine) virus (DNA/RNA causing disease)
  2. (computing) computer virus

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus m ‎(plural virus)

  1. virus
  2. computer virus

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin virus.

Noun[edit]

virus n

  1. virus