Virus

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See also: virus, virüs, vírus, vīrus, vīruss, and -virus

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin virus (venom or poison).

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Wikispecies

Proper noun[edit]

Virus n

  1. The taxonomic kingdom made up of the viruses, submicroscopic non-cellular structures consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, that require a living host cell to replicate, and often cause disease in the host.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Virus is the only taxon in this kingdom that is not italicized, in contrast to the practice in other kingdoms, in which only taxa at the rank of genus and below are italicized.

Hyponyms[edit]

ICTV taxonomy
Baltimore genome-based classification

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīrus n. Masculine gender comes from misunderstanding of Latin plurals on -us.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Virus n, m (plural Viren or Vira or Virusse)

  1. virus
    • 1932, Ergebnisse der gesamten Medizin, Band 17, Urban & Schwarzenberg, p.132:
      Völlig verfehlt ist die Vorstellung, als ob die Virusse nichts anderes wären als ganz kleine Bakterien oder kleinste, uns bisher nicht sichtbare Formen dieser Lebewesen.
    • 1940, Eugen Haagen, 4. Viruskrankheiten, in: Hans Reiter & Bernhard Möllers (eds.), Carl Flügges Grundriss der Hygiene für studierende und praktische Ärzte[,] Medizinal- und Verwaltungsbeamte. Elfte Auflage, Verlag von Julius Springer, Berlin, p.792:
      Die Vira stellen eine wichtige Gruppe von Krankheitserregern dar, die im System der Mirkoorganismen eine besondere Stellung einnehmen.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The masculine gender is colloquial, and the plural Vira is only used with neuter gender.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
View of the river

Proper noun[edit]

Virus m (genitive Virī); second declension

  1. A river of Hispania Tarraconensis, now the Anllóns

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular
nominative Virus
genitive Virī
dative Virō
accusative Virum
ablative Virō
vocative Vire

References[edit]

  • Virus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly