disk

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίσκος (dískos, a circular plate suited for hurling), from δικέω (dikéō, to hurl, to launch). Doublet of dais, desk, disc, discus, and dish.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: dĭsk, IPA(key): /dɪsk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪsk

Noun[edit]

disk (plural disks)

  1. A thin, flat, circular plate or similar object.
    A coin is a disk of metal.
  2. (figuratively) Something resembling a disk.
    Venus' disk cut off light from the Sun.
  3. (anatomy) An intervertebral disc
  4. (dated) A vinyl phonograph/gramophone record.
    Turn the disk over, after it has finished.
  5. (computer hardware) Ellipsis of floppy disk - removable magnetic medium or a hard disk - fixed, persistent digital storage.
    He still uses floppy disks from 1979.
  6. (computer hardware, nonstandard) A disc - either a CD-ROM, an audio CD, a DVD or similar removable storage medium.
    She burned some disks yesterday to back up her computer.
  7. (agriculture) A type of harrow.
  8. (botany) A ring- or cup-shaped enlargement of the flower receptacle or ovary that bears nectar or, less commonly, the stamens.

Hyponyms[edit]

computer hardware

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: ディスク (disuku)
  • Korean: 디스크 (diseukeu)
  • Norwegian Bokmål: disk
  • Thai: ดิสก์ (dìt)
  • Turkish: disk

Usage notes[edit]

In most varieties of English, disk is the correct spelling for magnetic media (hence hard disk or disk drive), whereas the variant disc is usually preferred with optical media (hence compact disc or disc film). Thus, if referring to a physical drive or older media (3" or 5.25" diskettes) the k is used, but c is used for newer (optical based) media. For all other uses, disc is standard in Commonwealth English and disk in American English.

Less commonly, in British English, disc has been used for magnetic disks, as in floppy disc and discette. Such usage may be considered nonstandard.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

disk (third-person singular simple present disks, present participle disking, simple past and past participle disked)

  1. (agriculture) To harrow.
    • 1916, Various, Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916[1]:
      That is alkali. Mr. Kochendorfer: I have a ten-year apple orchard that I disked last year and kept it tolerably clean this spring.
    • 1948, Various, Northern Nut Growers Association Incorporated 39th Annual Report[2]:
      The next year I plowed and disked the patch of ground and planted potatoes.
    • 1991 September 6, Jerry Sullivan, “Field & Street”, in Chicago Reader[3]:
      The soil is plowed and disked and then seeded with a mixture of prairie plants.
  2. (aviation, of an aircraft's propeller) To move towards, or operate at, zero blade pitch, orienting the propeller blades face-on to the oncoming airstream and maximising the drag generated by the propeller.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. disc, disk (thin, flat, circular plate or similar object)
    hod diskem

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • disk in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • disk in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk

  1. indefinite accusative singular of diskur

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr (sense 1), and English disc, disk (sense 2).

Noun[edit]

disk m (definite singular disken, indefinite plural disker, definite plural diskene)

  1. (in a shop etc.) a counter
  2. (computing) a disc or disk

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr (sense 1), and English disc, disk (sense 2).

Noun[edit]

disk m (definite singular disken, indefinite plural diskar, definite plural diskane)

  1. (in a shop etc.) a counter
  2. (computing) a disc or disk

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *disk.

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. plate

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr.

Noun[edit]

disk c

  1. counter; table on which business is transacted
  2. washing-up
  3. dirty dishes
  4. (anatomy) disc
  5. disk drive

Declension[edit]

Declension of disk 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative disk disken diskar diskarna
Genitive disks diskens diskars diskarnas

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]