disk

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίσκος (dískos, a circular plate suited for hurling), from δικεῖν (dikeîn, to hurl, to launch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk (plural disks)

  1. A thin, flat, circular plate or similar object.
    A coin is a disk of metal.
  2. (figuratively) Something resembling a disk.
    Venus' disk cut off light from the Sun.
  3. (anatomy) An intervertebral disc.
  4. (dated) A vinyl phonograph/gramophone record.
    Turn the disk over, after it has finished.
  5. (computing) A floppy disk - removable magnetic medium or a hard disk - fixed, persistent digital storage.
    He still uses floppy disks from 1979.
  6. (computing, nonstandard) A disc - either a CD-ROM, an audio CD, a DVD or similar removable storage medium.
    She burned some disks yesterday to back up her computer.
  7. (agriculture) A harrow.
  8. (botany) A ring- or cup-shaped enlargement of the flower receptacle or ovary that bears nectar or, less commonly, the stamens.

Usage notes[edit]

In International English, disk is the correct spelling for magnetic disks (hence hard disk or disk drive), whereas the variant disc is usually preferred with an optical medium such as compact discs. Thus, if referring to a physical drive or older media (3" or 5.25" diskettes) the k is used, but c is used for newer (optical based) media.

Less commonly, in British English, disc has been used for magnetic disks, as in floppy disc and discette.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

disk (third-person singular simple present disks, present participle disking, simple past and past participle disked)

  1. (agriculture) to harrow
    • 1916, Various, Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916[1]:
      That is alkali. Mr. Kochendorfer: I have a ten-year apple orchard that I disked last year and kept it tolerably clean this spring.
    • 1948, Various, Northern Nut Growers Association Incorporated 39th Annual Report[2]:
      The next year I plowed and disked the patch of ground and planted potatoes.
    • 1991 September 6, Jerry Sullivan, “Field & Street”, in Chicago Reader[3]:
      The soil is plowed and disked and then seeded with a mixture of prairie plants.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. disc, disk (thin, flat, circular plate or similar object)
    hod diskem

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • disk in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • disk in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk

  1. indefinite accusative singular of diskur

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr.

Noun[edit]

disk m (definite singular disken, indefinite plural disker, definite plural diskene)

  1. a counter (in a shop etc.)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr.

Noun[edit]

disk m (definite singular disken, indefinite plural diskar, definite plural diskane)

  1. a counter (in a shop etc.)

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *diskaz, whence also Old English disc, Old Norse diskr

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. plate

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse diskr, from Proto-Germanic *diskaz.

Noun[edit]

disk c

  1. counter; table on which business is transacted
  2. washing-up
  3. dirty dishes
  4. (anatomy) disc
  5. disk drive

Declension[edit]

Inflection of disk 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative disk disken diskar diskarna
Genitive disks diskens diskars diskarnas

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]