चक्र

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit चक्र (cakra). Doublet of चक्कर (cakkar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

चक्र (cakram (Urdu spelling چکر)

  1. circle, ring
  2. wheel
  3. cycle; sequence, progression
    जल चक्रjal cakrawater cycle

Declension[edit]

Declension of चक्र
Singular Plural
Direct चक्र (cakra) चक्र (cakra)
Oblique चक्र (cakra) चक्रों (cakrõ)
Vocative चक्र (cakra) चक्रो (cakro)

Derived terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ćakrám, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *čakrám, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷékʷlos (circle, wheel). Cognate with Avestan 𐬗𐬀𐬑𐬭𐬀 (caxra, wheel), Persian چرخ (čarx), Old Church Slavonic коло (kolo), Lithuanian kãklas, Tocharian B kokale, Ancient Greek κύκλος (kúklos), Latin colus, Old English hwēol (whence English wheel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

चक्र (cakrán

  1. the wheel (of a carriage, of the Sun's chariot, of Time)
  2. a potter's wheel (ShBr.)
  3. a discus or sharp circular missile weapon, especially that of Vishu
  4. a circle (Puranic)
  5. an astronomical circle, the zodiac
  6. a mystical circle or diagram
  7. a cycle, cycle of years or of seasons
  8. a circle or depression of the body (for mystical or chiromantic purposes; 6 in number, one above the other), the fontenelle or union of the coronal and sagittal sutures
  9. (prosody) name of a poetic metre
  10. a troop, multitude

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of चक्र (cakrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चक्रम्
cakrám
चक्रे
cakré
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cakrā́ṇi / cakrā́¹
Vocative चक्र
cákra
चक्रे
cákre
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cákrāṇi / cákrā¹
Accusative चक्रम्
cakrám
चक्रे
cakré
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cakrā́ṇi / cakrā́¹
Instrumental चक्रेण
cakréṇa
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रैः / चक्रेभिः¹
cakraíḥ / cakrébhiḥ¹
Dative चक्राय
cakrā́ya
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Ablative चक्रात्
cakrā́t
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Genitive चक्रस्य
cakrásya
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्राणाम्
cakrā́ṇām
Locative चक्रे
cakré
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्रेषु
cakréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

All inherited descendants point to common Indo-Aryan *cakkám, itself derived from this form.

References[edit]