vir

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See also: vír and Vir

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch voor.

Preposition[edit]

vir

  1. for

Baure[edit]

Noun[edit]

vir

  1. wind

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from modern European languages, English virus, French virus, German Virus, which are all from Latin virus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vir m

  1. virus

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • vir in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • vir in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin venīre, present active infinitive of veniō.

Verb[edit]

vir ‎(first-person singular present veño, first-person singular preterite vin, past participle vido)

  1. to come
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of vir
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of vir
Conjugation[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (to come): ir
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of ver ‎(to see).

Verb[edit]

vir

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of ver
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of ver

Kurdish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vir

  1. here

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognates include Sanskrit वीर ‎(vīrá), Old Prussian wijrs, Lithuanian vyras, Latvian vīrs, Old Irish fer, Old Norse verr, Ossetian ир ‎(ir, Ossetians) and Old English wer (English were-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vir m ‎(genitive virī); second declension

  1. male human, man; man (human)
  2. grown man
  3. brave man, hero
  4. husband
  5. (in military contexts) foot soldier

Inflection[edit]

Second declension, nominative singular in -r.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vir virī
genitive virī virōrum
dative virō virīs
accusative virum virōs
ablative virō virīs
vocative vir1 virī

1May also be vire.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • vir in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vir in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vir” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles summus vir illius aetatis
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • a man of considerable learning for those times: vir ut temporibus illis doctus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio, ingeniosus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio praeditus
    • a man of learning; a scholar; a savant: vir or homo doctus, litteratus
    • a great scholar: vir doctissimus
    • a man of profound erudition: vir perfecte planeque eruditus
    • a man perfect in all branches of learning: vir omni doctrina eruditus
    • the learned men are most unanimous in..: summa est virorum doctissimorum consensio (opp. dissensio)
    • a man of character, with a strong personality: vir constans, gravis (opp. homo inconstans, levis)
    • a man who has held every office (up to the consulship): vir defunctus honoribus
    • a hero: vir fortissimus
    • (ambiguous) many learned men; many scholars: multi viri docti, or multi et ii docti (not multi docti)
    • (ambiguous) to separate (of the woman): repudium remittere viro (Dig. 24. 3)
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

vir

  1. rafsi of vidru.

Old Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vír, variant of vér, from Proto-Germanic *wīz.

Pronoun[edit]

vīr

  1. we

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swedish: vi

Picard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin video.

Verb[edit]

vir

  1. to see

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese vĩir, from Latin venīre, present active infinitive of veniō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷem-.

Related to French venir, Spanish venir and Italian venire.

Verb[edit]

vir ‎(first-person singular present indicative venho, past participle vindo)

  1. (intransitive) to come (to move towards the speaker or the agent)
    Ele veio me cumprimentar.
    He came greet me.
  2. (intransitive) to come; to arrive (to reach a destination, especially where the speaker is)
    Venha antes das seis se quiser jantar.
    Come before six if want to have dinner.
  3. (intransitive) to come (to manifest itself; to occur)
    Os meses vem e vão.
    The months come and go.
  4. (transitive with de) to come from; to be from (to have as one’s place of origin)
    Eles vem de vários países.
    They come from various countries.
    Essa bota é uma porcaria porque vem da China.
    This boot is crap because it is from China.
  5. (transitive with de) to be caused by; to be due to
    Meu sofrimento vem das misérias da vida.
    My suffering is due to life’s miseries.
  6. (intransitive, or transitive with de) to come back (from); to return (from)
    Quando que o pai vem das férias?
    When is dad coming back from his vacations?
  7. (auxiliary, with a verb in the gerund) have/has been (forms the present perfect progressive aspect)
    Eu venho comendo pizza todo os dias.
    I have been eating pizza every day.
  8. (auxiliary with a and a verb in the infinitive) to end up (to eventually do)
    Meu irmão veio a se tornar padre.
    My brother ended up becoming a priest.
  9. (colloquial, intransitive, or transitive with com) to bitch; to whine (to complain, especially unnecessarily)
    Não vem com essa.
    Stop whining.
Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:vir.

Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb ver ‎(to see).

Verb[edit]

vir

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of ver
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of ver
Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:ver.


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *virъ

Noun[edit]

vir m ‎(Cyrillic spelling вир)

  1. whirlpool
  2. (regional) source

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vír m inan ‎(genitive víra, nominative plural víri)

  1. source (of water; e.g. a spring or well)
  2. source, origin

Declension[edit]