vier

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See also: Vier and vièr

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From vie +‎ -er.

Noun[edit]

vier (plural viers)

  1. One who vies for something.
    • 1991, Diane Lynch Fraser, Playdancing (page 90)
      Evidently, there were two children vying for a third's attention. The two attention viers were engaged in a series of gymnastic feats on a small portable trampoline. Two girls were trying to outdo each other to impress the third child, a boy.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : vierde

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch vier, from Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four

Alemannic German[edit]

cardinal number
4 Previous: drüü
Next: foif

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr. Cognate with German vier, Dutch vier, English four, Icelandic fjórir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four

Derived terms[edit]


Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. (most dialects) four

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vir/, [viːr], [viər], [f-]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vier
  • Rhymes: -ir

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

Numeral[edit]

Dutch numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Cardinal: vier
    Ordinal: vierde

vier

  1. four.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: vier
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: firi
  • Jersey Dutch: vîr
  • Negerhollands: vier, veer, fi
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: firi
  • Trió: pirë

Noun[edit]

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vier m (plural vieren, diminutive viertje n)

  1. a sign for or representation of four
  2. the value four, e.g. as a score
  3. (uncountable) a group of four.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

vier

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vieren
  2. imperative of vieren

German[edit]

German cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : vierte

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres. Compare Dutch vier, English four, Danish fire, Swedish fyra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four (numerical value represented by the Arabic numeral 4; or describing a set with four elements)
    • 1682, Benignus Kybler, WunderSpiegl Oder Göttliche Wunderwerck. Dritter und letzter Theil, p. 144:
      Bey Ablauffung der fünfften Wochen/ erschine ihr die Himmel-Königin abermahlen/ vnd raichet ein Himmlisches Getranck dar/ welches sie mit allgebürender Ehrerbütigkeit angenommen vnd genossen/ zumahlen sich dermassen erhollet hat / daß ihre Stärcke vnnd Leibs-Kräften weit grösser dann zuvoren/ nit leicht auch von vieren Männern kundte überwunden werden.
      When the fifth week end / the heavenly queen appeared to her again / and gave her a heavenly drink / that she accepted with appropriate reverence and enjoyed / so that she recreated so much, / that her strength and health were much higher than before / and couldn't easily be overcome by four men.

Declension[edit]

Normally uninflected, but note the following:

  • viere (now colloquial, used independently of a noun), e.g. Die Turmuhr schlug viere. ― The clock tower struck four.
  • genitive: vierer (literary), e.g. nach Verlauf vierer Jahre ― after the course of four years
  • dative: vieren (literary, now used independently of a noun), e.g. der letzte von vieren ― the last of four

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vier” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • vier” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • vier” in Duden online
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg vier on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

vier

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of viō

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

vier n

  1. (Flemish, sometimes Brabant) Alternative form of vuur

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

vier

  1. present tense of vie

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Pennsylvania German cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : viert

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar. Compare German vier, Dutch vier, English four.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: vi‧er

Verb[edit]

vier

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of vir
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of vir

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin verrēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /vjer/

Noun[edit]

vier m (plural vieri)

  1. (male) wild boar
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From vie (vineyard), or from Latin vīneārius.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /viˈer/

Noun[edit]

vier m (plural vieri)

  1. vintager
  2. (rare) vine grower
Declension[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vier

  1. genitive plural of viera

West Flemish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch vier, variant of vuur, from Old Dutch fuir, from Proto-West Germanic *fuir, from Proto-Germanic *fōr, from Proto-Indo-European *péh₂wr̥.

Noun[edit]

vier n

  1. fire

Yola[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

vier

  1. a weasel

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

vier

  1. Alternative form of vire (fire)

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 75

Zealandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Frankish and Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

Numeral[edit]

vier

  1. four

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch vier, variant of vuur.

Noun[edit]

vier n (plural [please provide])

  1. fire