fjórir

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Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : fjórir
    Ordinal : fjórði

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fjórir, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr.[1] Cognates include Faroese fýra and Danish fire.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

fjórir (feminine fjórar, neuter fjögur)

  1. four
    Þar sátu fjórir menn.Four men were sitting there.
    Hún er fjögurra.She is four years old.

Declension[edit]

The genitive fjögra is common in speech, but fjögurra is preferred in writing. A recent alternative genitive form, fjagra, is very widespread in spoken language, but is only occasionally used in writing.

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • When counting out loud, the contraction fjór is frequently used.
    Einn, tveir, þrír, fjór.One, two, three, four.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ásgeir Blöndal MagnússonÍslensk orðsifjabók, 1st edition, 2nd printing (1989). Reykjavík, Orðabók Háskólans, page 181.

Old Norse[edit]

Old Norse numbers (edit)
40[a], [b]
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Cardinal: fjórir
    Ordinal: fjórði

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. The elder form with -ð- is still visible in the name of Fjaðryndaland (Old Swedish Fiæþrundaland).

Numeral[edit]

fjórir

  1. (cardinal number) four
    fjögurra vegna — to the four cardinal points

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zoëga, Geir T. (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic[1], Oxford: Clarendon Press