veertig

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Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : veertig
    Ordinal : veertigste

Numeral[edit]

veertig

  1. (cardinal) forty

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfeːr.təx/, /ˈveːr.təx/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: veer‧tig

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch viertich, viertech, veertech, from Old Dutch *viurtig, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr tigiwiz.

Numeral[edit]

veertig

  1. forty

Usage notes[edit]

Although spelt with v-, the word is traditionally pronounced with initial /f/ even in accents that generally do not devoice v-. (This is due to analogy with zeventig ["seventy"], which used to have a prefix t- and hence a devoiced z-.) However, there are also many speakers who pronounce /v/ in line with the spelling. The WNT (1954) notes that the voiced pronunciation isn't very common, while Auer and Hinskens state that this realisation is becoming increasingly common in Standard Dutch due to hypercorrection.[1]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Auer, P. & Hinskens, F., "The convergence and divergence of dialects in Europe. New and not so new developments in an old area", in Sociolinguistica, 1996, vol. 10, pages 9 and 10.