were

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See also: were- and we're

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English were, weren, from Old English wǣre, wǣron, wǣren, from Proto-Germanic *wēz-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-. More at was.

Pronunciation[edit]

stressed

unstressed

  • (UK) enPR: wər, IPA(key): /wə(ɹ)/
  • (US) enPR: wər, IPA(key): /wɚ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

were

  1. second-person singular simple past indicative of be
    John, you were the only person to see him.
  2. first/second/third-person plural simple past indicative of be
    We were about to leave.
    Mary and John, you were right.
    They were a fine group.
    They were to be the best of friends from that day on.
  3. first/second/third-person singular/plural simple present/past subjunctive of be
    I wish that it were Sunday.
    I wish that I were with you.
    • with “if” omitted, put first in an “if” clause:
      Were it simply that she wore a hat, I would not be upset at all. (= If it were simply...)
      Were father a king, we would have war. (= If father were a king,...)
    • 2011 November 3, David Ornstein, “Macc Tel-Aviv 1 - 2 Stoke”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Maccabi would have been out of contention were it not for Stoke's profligacy, but their fortune eventually ran out as the visitors opened the scoring.
  4. (Northern England) first/third-person singular simple past indicative of be.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (second-person singular past indicative, archaic) wast (used with “thou)
  • (second-person singular imperfect subjunctive, archaic) wert (used with “thou)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English were, wer, see wer.

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

were (plural weres)

  1. Alternative form of wer (man; wergeld)
    • 1799-1805, Sharon Trurner, History of the Anglo-Saxons
      Every man was valued at a certain sum, which was called his were.
    • 1867, John Lingard, T. Young, Introduction to English History [...] arranged [...] by T. Young, page 19:
      If by that he failed to pay or give security for the were, or fine, at which murder was legally rated; he might be put to death by the relatives of the murdered man.
    • 1908, Frederic Jesup Stimson, The Law of the Federal and State Constitutions of the United States, page 13:
      Written statutes busied themselves only with the amount of the were, or fine, or (for the first century after the Conquest) with the method of procedure.
    • 2004, James Fitzjames Stephen, A General View of the Criminal Law of England, →ISBN, page 12-13:
      The consequence of conviction was, the payment to the person injured, of a were, or penalty, proportioned to the offencel but though this was the ordinary course, the recovery of the were was not the only object of the proceedings. "The were," says Reeve, "in cases of homicide, and the fines that were paid in cases of theft of various kinds, were only to redeem the offender from the proper punishment of the law, which was death, and that was reddemable, not only by paying money, but by undergoing some personal pains; hence it is that we hear a great variety of corporal punishments..."...

Etymology 3[edit]

Back-formation from werewolf and other terms in were-, from the same source as English wer, were (man) (above).

Noun[edit]

were (plural weres)

  1. (fandom slang) The collective name for any kind of person that changes into another form under certain conditions, including the werewolf.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

were

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of weren

Anagrams[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Noun[edit]

were

  1. garden

Verb[edit]

were (wereca)

  1. to garden, to weed (wereca specifically)

Irarutu[edit]

were

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Further reading[edit]


Maku'a[edit]

Noun[edit]

were

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Aone van Engelenhoven, The position of Makuva among the Austronesian languages of Southwest Maluku and East Timor, in Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history: a festschrift, Pacific linguistics 601 (2009)

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English wǣre (second-person singular indicative and subjunctive past of wesan).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈwɛːr(ə)/, /ˈwɛr(ə)/

Verb[edit]

were

  1. inflection of been:
    1. second-person singular indicative past
    2. singular subjunctive past
Descendants[edit]
  • English: were (dialectal war, ware)
  • Scots: war, waar, ware, waur, wur, wir

Etymology 2[edit]

From a conflation of Old English wǣron and Old English wǣren.

Verb[edit]

were

  1. Alternative form of weren

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English werre, wyrre.

Noun[edit]

were

  1. Alternative form of werre

Mwani[edit]

Noun[edit]

were 5 (plural mawere)

  1. breast

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

were

  1. second-person singular imperative of hatin

Onin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Tocharian B[edit]

Noun[edit]

were ?

  1. smell, odor, scent, aroma

Toro[edit]

Noun[edit]

were

  1. day

References[edit]


Uruangnirin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

were

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)