wer

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See also: wër and WER

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English wer, were, from Old English wer (man), from Proto-Germanic *weraz, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós (man, freeman). Cognate with Middle High German wër (man), Swedish värbror (brother-in-law), Norwegian verfader (father-in-law), Latin vir (man, husband), Old Irish fer, Middle Welsh gwr. The original meaning of “man” is now preserved only in compounds like werewolf, were wolf (man-wolf) and wergeld, were gild (man gold (payment)).

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Noun[edit]

wer (plural wers)

  1. (obsolete or historical) A man; a male; a husband
    • 1862, E. William Robertson, Scotland Under Her Early Kings, page 137:
      [] the character of a horseman was inseparable connected with the knight—the military attendant of the baron, who was himself nothing more than the Wer, or Man, of the king—even the armiger, []
    • 1864, Thomas Oswald Cockayne, Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England [...] from Brit. mus. ms. Cotton. Vitellius C. III, page 205:
      Further is this wort of two kinds, wer and wife, or male and female. The wer, or male, hath white blossoms, and the wife, or female, hath red or brown; either is beneficial and wonderlike, and they have on them wondrous virtue.
  2. (obsolete or historical) A fine for slaying a man; wergeld.
    • 1876, Essays in Anglo-Saxon Law, page 144:
      Under the system of money compensation, the kindred of the slain must demand payment of the wer, or prosecute the feud. They had the right to the wer when paid, and must by oath release the slayer and his kindred from the feud.
    • 1895, Frederick Pollock; Frederic William Maitland, “Inheritance”, in The History of English Law before the Time of Edward I, volume II, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: At the University Press; Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown, & Company, OCLC 78010698, § 1 (Antiquities), page 239:
      It was so in the England of Alfred's day; the maternal kinsfolk paid a third of the wer. The Leges Henrici, which about such a matter will not be inventing new rules, tell us that the paternal kinsfolk pay and receive two-thirds, the maternal kinsfolk one-third of the wer; and this is borne out by other evidence.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

wer

  1. Soft mutation of gwer.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wer, from Old High German wer, from Proto-West Germanic *hwaʀ. Related to wo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

wer

  1. (interrogative) who (what person or people)
    Wer hat das gesagt?Who said that?
  2. (interrogative, colloquial) what, which (one) (see usage notes)
  3. (relative) whoever, he who, someone who, the person who, anyone who (whatever person or persons)
    Wer eine Frage hat, kann sich jetzt melden.
    Whoever has a question, put up their hands now.
  4. (indefinite, colloquial) somebody, someone; anybody, anyone (an unspecified person)
    Synonyms: jemand, einer
    Da ist wer an der Tür.There's somebody at the door.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (what): In colloquial German, wer and its forms may be used in reference to things. This is often done when asking about a noun whose gender one knows to be masculine or feminine. For example: Kannst du mir mal den Dings rübergeben? – Wen? (“Could you pass me the thingamabob?” – “Pass what?”) In this case, the interrogative mirrors the grammatical gender of the noun one asks about.
  • (someone): The colloquial wer meaning “someone” cannot usually be the first word in a main clause, because it could be misinterpreted as an interrogative in this position. The only exception is when it is followed by a nominalized adjective:
    Wer Neues ist in die Mannschaft gekommen.Someone new joined the team.

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hunsrik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German and Old High German wer, from Proto-West Germanic *hwaʀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

wer

  1. (interrogative) who
    Wer kommd dart?
    Who goes there?
    Wer sihst-du?
    Who do you see?

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Kuri[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. water

References[edit]


Meriam[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. egg
  2. testicle
  3. star

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English wer, from Proto-West Germanic *wer, from Proto-Germanic *weraz, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós; compare Old Norse verr, Latin vir, Old Prussian wijrs, Sanskrit वीर (vīra).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer (plural wers)

  1. a man, a husband
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • wif (with respect to gender)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: wer, were

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English wǣre.

Verb[edit]

wer

  1. Alternative form of were

Etymology 3[edit]

From Late Old English werre, wyrre (war).

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. Alternative form of werre (war)

Ndom[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Oceanic linguistics, volumes 20 à 21, University Press of Hawaii, page 129, 1981

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

wer

  1. so

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *weraz. Germanic cognates include Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Old High German wer, Old Norse verr, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin vir, Sanskrit वीर (vīrá), Old Irish fer, Lithuanian výras.

Noun[edit]

wer m

  1. man
  2. male
  3. husband
  4. (poetic) hero, warrior
  5. (in compounds) civil
    werrēafcivil dress, civil clothing
    werþēodpeople, nation
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • wif (with respect to sex)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From werian.

Noun[edit]

wer m (nominative plural weras)

  1. weir
Descendants[edit]

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ƿer (Manuscript form)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *wer, from Proto-Germanic *weraz, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognate with Old English wer and Old Norse verr.

Noun[edit]

wer m

  1. man
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *warją

Noun[edit]

wer n

  1. dam, weir
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hwaʀ, from Proto-Germanic *hwaz. Cognate with Old Norse hverr

Pronoun[edit]

wer

  1. (interrogative) who
    Wer was er?
    Who was he?
    • Hildebrandslied, ll. 7-9
      hıltıbrant gımahalta herıbranteſ ſunu her uuaſ heroro man
      feraheſ frotoro • her fragen gıſtuont
      fohem uuortum • ƿer ſin fater ƿarı []
      Hildebrand spoke, Heribrand's son—he was a hoarier man, wiser of life;—he posed his question with few words, who his [Hadubrand's] father might be []
Descendants[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *wer, from Proto-Germanic *weraz, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognate with Old English wer and Old Norse verr.

Noun[edit]

wer m

  1. man
  2. hero

Declension[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Selaru[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

wer ?

  1. hatred, enmity

Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

wer

  1. Alternative form of were (wear)

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 77